What causes leaves to turn yellow in Lilies?

Flowers from bulbs, rhizomes, tubers and corms (e.g. iris, alstro, lilies, tulips, anemones, freesia, lily of the valley, ranuculas…) stress out when the blooms are cut from the “bulb”.  Harvest causes an imbalance in cell functions. Symptoms are premature yellow foliage, short vase life, buds not opening and loss of color vibrancy. Chrysal Bulb t-bag to the rescue! Bulb T-bags rebalance the chemistry and eliminates the problem.

Should the leaves of Alstroemerias and Lilies be stripped almost to the bloom? 

Leave the leaves in place. The notion of stripping alstroemeria and lily leaves became popular 30 years ago BEFORE there were good post harvest options for bulbous blooms. Because foliage of “bulbous” flowers suffer a chemical imbalance at harvest which results in leaves turning prematurely yellow, florists started stripping stems.

Why not strip?  The leaves of any flower are a source of energy. Nutrients in leaves prolong vase-life and bloom opening. In many flower species, (e.g. roses) leaves are the pumps to pull water up the stem.

Is water falling on rose petals the cause of drooped over heads?

Drooping  flower heads indicates something is blocking flow in stems (generally bacteria and/or air bubbles). The cells under the flower head are the most immature and cannot support a bloom if they are not turgid.

Dripping water on flower petals is another problem altogether. Wet petals can aggravate Botrytis  potential (fungus disease).

CLICK HERE to learn more about Botrytis.


There are many benefits to using cut flower food. Tap water alone does not contain any of the natural food supplements that the cut flower needs for its development. The flower food supplements and the pH balancers in Chrysal cut flower foods restore the flower’s equilibrium and it’s resistance to cell and stem deterioration to what it was while the flower was on the plant. The accelerated aging caused by cutting the flower off the plant is slowed down. The flower develops in a natural way and the vase water does not get contaminated by the micro-organisms released in the decomposition process as it does in vases with just tap water.

Watch the difference that Chrysal cut flower food makes…


One way we show appreciation and celebrate motherhood is by giving flowers. If you’re unfamiliar with the language of flowers it may be difficult to choose the right type considering the many varieties and colors that are out there. The following is a small list of popular Mother’s Day flowers and their meanings to help you narrow down your choices.

CARNATIONS

Symbolizes pride and beauty. A red carnation symbolizes love, pride and admiration; pink carnations symbolizes love of a mother.

LILIES

Although white lilies are associated with funerals, there are many other types lilies to pick from. Calla lilies signify beauty and Day lilies are the Chinese symbol for motherhood.

ORCHIDS

Orchids are exotic plants the symbolize refinement, thoughtfulness and mature charm. They also symbolize proud and glorious femininity.

ROSES

Roses of various colors convey a number of different meanings. A bouquet of mature rose blooms sends a message of gratitude; white roses signify virtue, purity, and reverence. A rose symbolizes grace in a medium pink hue, gratitude in a dark pink color, and youthful joy in light pink.

SUNFLOWERS & GERBERA DAISIES

These bright and cheerful flowers send a message of adoration and respect. Similarly gerbera daisies have a joyful look in their myriad colors. Daisies are traditionally a symbol of beauty, and gerbera daisies also signify cheerfulness and playfulness.

TULIPS

The general message of tulips is love. More specifically, pink tulips signify caring and red tulips suggest true love. Yellow tulips, as might be guessed from their appearance, bring a message of cheerful thoughts.

VIOLETS

Violets signify faithfulness and devotion. The gift of a violet plant can provide a lasting reminder of your appreciation for a mother’s devotion.


Last year an estimated $1.9 billion dollars were spent on flowers for Valentine’s Day. With such a large amount of money being spent on this holiday, it is important that your flowers are being properly handled. Ensure your investment and provide the customer with the highest quality possible by following these proven rose handling techniques.
GENERAL
                                                        • Do not drop boxes on pallet or floor in order to avoid impact damage and internal bruising
                                                        • Stack boxes on top of pallets in cooler to maximize air flow and also prevent soggy bottoms
                                                        • Allow roses to drink water 1 – 2 hours before sales display
                                                        • Place roses to top shelves away from drip areas to lessen the chance of Botrytis
                                                        • Soak foam, fill vases with Chrysal Rose Pro Vase so flowers stand tall to the end

DRY PACK PROCESSING

                                                          • Store boxes at 34 – 38F. Avoid fluctuating temperatures in order to reduce excessive condensation
                                                          • Remove ONLY as many boxes as you can process within 30 – 60 minutes
                                                          • Fill buckets with Chrysal Professional #1 or Professional #2
                                                          • Measure when mixing solutions
                                                          • Clean buckets, clean cutters, clean solution
                                                          • Let bunches sit outside cooler (in sleeves) for 30 minutes to allow condensation to evaporate
                                                          • Remove only foliage and thorns below water level
                                                          • Hydrate roses for a minimum of 2 – 4 hours before displaying or designing

WET PACK PROCESSING

                                                          • Follow same guidelines as dry pack processing
                                                          • Check solution level on arrival
                                                          • Top up with fresh solution (not tap water), if needed
                                                          • Do not drip on flowers
                                                          • Remove any diseased flowers (Botrytis etc.) 

CUT ROSE CARE TIPS


As Valentine’s Day passes, most of us will be finding new vases for lovely floral arrangements. Keeping the flowers fresh and lasting longer is paramount for anybody receiving Valentine’s flowers from a loved one. Valentine’s flowers  represent a deeper meaning and carry more sentimental value, making vase life a top priority. Their are proper precautions for increasing the vase life of your flowers after Valentine’s Day.  Here is some useful care and handling information that you should know to keep your Valentine’s flowers looking as beautiful as ever.

Start clean; use a clean vase

Make sure the vase or display container you use is clean! Any dirt or dust left in the vase upon filling with water can lead to bacteria formation which can be harmful to the flowers, thus affecting the vase life.Use tap water (the colder the better!

Use tap water (the colder the better!)

For post Valentine’s, it’s important to use very cold water to keep your beautiful arrangements lasting as long as possible. Cold water will keep your flowers looking fresher longer. Warm or hot water is recommended if you want your blooms to open faster. Also, be sure to change the water quite frequently, possibly every day or every other day.

Remove leaves which will fall below the water level

It’s important that no leaves come in contact with the vase water. Leaves that fall below the water level will increase the chance that bacteria forms. Again, the presence of bacteria is very harmful to the flower and will affect the longevity of the flowers life.

Cut the stems 1-2 inches

At the bottom of each flower, the stem can become clogged or mushy making water uptake difficult for proper hydration. Therefore, it’s important to cut your stems frequently to allow for efficient hydration. Chrysal recommends to cut stems 1-2 inches, but stay closer to 1 inch if you have a shorter stemmed flower. Also,  be sure to cut the stems at an angle to allow the best water uptake and to prevent damaging and flatting the stem. Click here for more info.

Don’t Forget the Flower Food!

Along with the care and handling tips above, you might also want to consider using a flower care treatment. Treating your flowers to some Chrysal will keep your flowers lasting longer and looking as beautiful as ever! Chrysal offers many treatment options for many different flower types, allowing you to make your Valentine’s flowers last.


Having trouble selecting a flower for your Valentine?  Looking for the perfect flower that will send the right message? It’s important to know that every flower might express something just a little different. Understanding what certain flowers express can help you in choosing the perfect flower for your Valentine. Here are some popular flower choices and what they might convey on Valentine’s Day.

Roses

Red Rose– Love and romance. The obvious representation of love. Don’t be shy to shower your lover with red roses for Valentine’s.

White Rose– White roses can either be a sign of purity and innocence or often associated with sympathy and death. Might not be the wisest choice for this holiday.

Yellow Rose– Friendship and cheer. Good choice to give to a best friend this Valentine’s Day.

Pink Rose– True love. Might not express as much burning passion as a red rose. Good for newer relationships. Also associated with giving thanks and admiration.

Lavender Rose– Royalty. Good way to tell your loved one he/she is king/queen of your heart.

Orange Rose– A mix between red and yellow rose representing middle ground between friendship and love.

Black Rose– Represents the start of new things or major changes in ones life. Definitely a unique flower but not recommended for this holiday.

Daisies

Innocence and happiness.

Tulips

Relatively happy flower that can represent awakening. Meanings can change based on the shade; red means love, white forgiveness, pink caring and purple royalty.

Orchids

Delicate beauty and a flattering sentiment.

Carnations

Relatively happy flowers and meanings vary with the shade. Avoid striped carnations, those represent refusal.

Mums

Secret admirer or excitement. Great choice for a crush or a first date.

Daffodils

Represents chivalry. Great gift from a man to his best female friend.

Hydrangea

Perseverance. Great choice for long standing couples. Popular for weddings.

Peony

Riches and goodluck. Great choice for a newly engaged couple.


In preparing your displays for Valentine’s, it’s important to understand what items are impact items and whicharrangements draw attention.  Some flowers draw attention more than others, and it’s important to know when to use them in arrangements and where to display them for your customers.  For Valentine’s, of course roses are right up there with impact items that can lure the eyes of consumers, but lets look at some other items that can garner the attention of many customers.  Here are some helpful ideas for displaying Valentine’s impact items.

Orchids and Tulips are two flowers that draw attention for Valentine’s because they are a favorite to many and have natural beauty.  Tulips have a very elegant look to them and come in an array of beautiful and vibrant colors.  It’s important to take proper care while displaying your Tulips though because they continue to grow while in water (possibly 1-6 inches).

Tulips are a beautiful impact flower and would look great in a storefront designed to draw people into the store.  Keep in mind though that you do not want to store tulips in full sun, near heaters, or under lamps because heat shortens the life of blooming flowers.  The best environment is in cooler temperatures whenever possible.  Orchids are another delicate beauty that remain one of the more popular variety of flowers.  Orchids showcase such a natural beauty, that it’s common to display Orchids in unique ways.  For some display ideas, just look around your home or store for ordinary objects commonly used for other purposes, then transform them into a planter used  for displaying the Orchid. With Tulips, Orchids and other impact arrangements, it’s wise to make them part of your centerpiece that you plan to showcase for your store.  You want consumers to see unique and beautiful arrangements so they can pick and choose what they like and what they want for their loved one.  If you plan to offer candy, stuffed animals, or other goodies, you may want to display these items near your floral display so consumers understand the options they have.

When displaying impact items in your store, it’s important to display arrangements in areas of your store that is exposed to consumers.  You do not want your impact arrangements hidden or out of sight.  In the front of the store towards the window displays would be a nice place to display your beautiful arrangements because it can invite customers into the store.  Keep in mind that you do not want to store the flowers in full sun, near heaters, or under lamps because heat shortens the life of blooming flowers.

 


With Valentine’s being weeks away, Chrysal wants to make sure you have all of the information regarding your Valentine’s flowers at your fingertips!  To continue our countdown to February 14th, here is all you need to know about roses!  Below are two very important things you must know and don’t forget to share with your customers.

1.  Correct cut point timing ensures proper bloom development

Rose buds attain maximum bud size in the final 3-7 days before harvest

  • Buds accumulate carbohydrate stores to ensure bloom opening
  • Bud size increases.  Customers love those larger heads!
  • Foliage tissues are actively storing sugars, water and hormones to guard against harvest stress
  • Varieties with a high petal count require an open cut stage to develop
  • Roses must arrive to stores at stage 3-4 for 100% development
  • Rose blooms cut too tight mean buds will never open

Do customers know…?

Don’t expect customers to know about changes in rose cut point.  For years, we diligently trained them to accept bullet tight, over-peeled roses as “fresh”.  Now they are confused on how to judge flower quality.  As a flower expert, it is your privilege and responsibility to educate your customers!

Where’s the fragrance?

The sweeter the fragrance the shorter the vase life.  Breeders choose varieties with long vase life so don’t be alarmed if the fragrance isn’t as sweet.

2.  Resist the urge to peel guard petals and foliage if you want your roses to last longer

Groom guard petals if needed, otherwise leave intact.

Why shouldn’t I peel guard petals?

  • Removing guard petals loosens the bud and promotes opening
  • Peeling guard petals triggers the onset of ethylene production.  Ethylene reduces vase life and hastens death in flowers.
  • Ethylene production starts at the point where the petal attaches to the Calyx

When should I peel guard petals?

Peel ONLY if guard petals show blemishes or disease problems.

  • Guard petals with damaged spots, creases, streaks or tears
  • Guards petals that are excessively black—so much so, it impairs salability
  • Guard petals with raised blister look of Botrytis

Why should I keep foliage?

Specialized cells on the underside of foliage pull solution up to the stem into the bloom.  Remove only those leaves underwater (to control solution pollution).  See our previous blog piece “Should you strip your roses?” about the effects of stripping roses of thorns and foliage.


We all know Valentine’s is the season of LOVE.  It’s important to show your customers and flower shop some love by creating welcoming Valentine’s decorations for this lovely holiday. This will help showcase your Valentine’s merchandise and should lead to higher store traffic and more sales.  Here are some lovely tips for decorating your floral department for Valentine’s this year!

  • Decorate the windows and front of your shop- You want to draw attention to your store for people on the outside.  Valentine’s is fresh in everybody’s mind, so as they pass your store, if something creative catches their eye, it’s more likely they come in to look around.
  • Display your store hours clearly so customers know your Valentine’s hours- It’s important customers know your Valentine’s hours so they know where to go if they need last minute items.  Displaying your hours clearly and creatively can help keep store traffic up.
  • Be creative!  You want to create unique decorations that will help draw people to your shop, maybe a centerpiece- Having one very creative and beautiful piece can get people talking and bring traffic to the store.  Having this located towards the back of the store might be good so customers need to walk through aisles of merchandise to see it.
  • Have many floral arrangement options- Offer your customers different options so they can choose which they like best.  Offer different flower combinations and different vases and presentation items.  Also, try infusing heart shaped items into your bouquets.
  • Placement is key- Around the store, place cut-out hearts, cut-out cupids, balloons and other decorations that scream Valentine’s.  When it comes to Valentine’s, nothing is never too much.  So don’t be afraid to go crazy and overdo the decorations!
  • Set the mood with music- Play some classic love songs lightly in the background that will enhance a shoppers mood.  This could maybe trigger feelings about their loved ones and lead to more purchases.

Visit www.chrysalflowerfood.com

 


To ensure longer vase life of your fresh cut flowers, it’s important to give them a fresh trim every once in a while.  What many don’t know is that it’s very important to cut your stems quite frequently, we recommend every few days.  Find out the benefits of cutting your stems often and why you should cut flower stems 1-2 inches.

Why should I cut stems frequently?

If you are transporting fresh cut flowers home and they are dry for a period of more than 30 minutes, you should cut the stem once you get home before arranging them in a vase.  When a fresh cut flower is cut and kept dry, the cut off flower stem protects itself against infections and drying out through the cutting wound by sealing it, much like a wound on our skin.  This means when cut flowers are put into a vase with solution, the water absorption is greatly decreased or even completely stopped, resulting in premature demise of the entire flower.  This also happens when stems are in vase arrangements for long periods of time.  Flower ends soon become waterlogged and mushy when in solution, making it important to re-cut stems every few days.  If the end of the stem becomes too waterlogged, the flowers may begin to droop and lose their petals more quickly due to lack of hydration.  It’s also worth noting that most of the germs and organic matter accumulate towards the bottom of stems, making this a portal for bacteria growth.  Re-cutting each stem will ultimately keep your flowers alive and fresher for longer.

Why should I cut 1-2 inches?

Many industrialists will lend the advice of cutting your stems 1/4 to 1/2 inch in order to preserve the length of the stem.  However, 75-85% of bacteria, organic matter and germs are lodged in the bottom 1-2 inches of stems.  It’s important to open stem tissue by eliminating micro-organisms with a fresh cut so solution can flow freely through the stem towards the head of the flower for proper nourishment.  In order to see the greatest effects, try to trim the stems 1-2 inches with an angled cut (if you have a shorter stem flower, try to stick with close to 1 inch).  With a sharp knife or sharp floral cutter or scissor, make an angled on the stem.  This will help ensure proper water uptake for the stem.  If you fear trimming 1-2 inches will result in your arrangement not being tall enough for your vase, try using an opaque vase.  This will allow you to use Chrysal Floral Foam at the bottom to add height to your arrangement that is lost with the cut stems.  Also, as you are trimming the stems, be sure to trim foliage too so it does not get submerged in water.

Quick Tip

Are you afraid that cutting stems will disturb the flower placement in a beautiful arrangement? A quick tip is to tie the stems with twine just above the vase’s edge before taking them out for a cut.  Make sure to hold the tied arrangement firmly as you re-cut the stems.  After you are finished, place the arrangement back into the clean vase (remove the twine) and refill with fresh water and Chrysal flower food.