Mother’s Day is one of the biggest floral holidays and it’s less than two weeks away (May 8th). It’s very important to be prepared for a holiday as big as this one. If you haven’t started to prepare, here is a list of things to get you through the holiday and ensure the freshest blooms for your clients.
Having trouble hydrating these beauties? Alum stem dip not giving consistent results? Do you use warm water to fill vases?
Maybe pounding is your preferred method of stem prep. Perhaps you submerge the entire flower head… Here are a few tips on how to care for fresh cut hydrangeas.
HYDRANGEA Processing for Consistent Results
1. Prepare bucket solution with cold water–cold moves faster through stems than warm
3. Using a clean, sharp knife or flower cutters– cut above old tissues (above any brown stem tissue). Cut an inch off to remove all the gunk lodged in bottom of stem that stops flow. Let blooms drink hydration solution for at least 4 hours–overnight even better.
5. If designing blooms without a water source, prep as listed about, design and then wrap stems with Arrive Alive. Dip Arrive Alive sponge in Chrysal Professional #3 or Rose Pro Vase food for 1-10 seconds and add the outer plastic bag. Secure rubber band above foam to prevent leaks
6. When temps soar–spray bloom and foliage with Hawaiian Floral mist (a light spray 1 x a day is adequate). Allow blooms to dry completely before placing in cooler.
With Valentine’s being weeks away, Chrysal wants to make sure you have all of the information regarding your Valentine’s flowers at your fingertips! To continue our countdown to February 14th, here is all you need to know about roses! Below are two very important things you must know and don’t forget to share with your customers.
1. Correct cut point timing ensures proper bloom development
Rose buds attain maximum bud size in the final 3-7 days before harvest
- Buds accumulate carbohydrate stores to ensure bloom opening
- Bud size increases. Customers love those larger heads!
- Foliage tissues are actively storing sugars, water and hormones to guard against harvest stress
- Varieties with a high petal count require an open cut stage to develop
- Roses must arrive to stores at stage 3-4 for 100% development
- Rose blooms cut too tight mean buds will never open
Don’t expect customers to know about changes in rose cut point. For years, we diligently trained them to accept bullet tight, over-peeled roses as “fresh”. Now they are confused on how to judge flower quality. As a flower expert, it is your privilege and responsibility to educate your customers!
Where’s the fragrance?
The sweeter the fragrance the shorter the vase life. Breeders choose varieties with long vase life so don’t be alarmed if the fragrance isn’t as sweet.
2. Resist the urge to peel guard petals and foliage if you want your roses to last longer
Groom guard petals if needed, otherwise leave intact.
- Removing guard petals loosens the bud and promotes opening
- Peeling guard petals triggers the onset of ethylene production. Ethylene reduces vase life and hastens death in flowers.
- Ethylene production starts at the point where the petal attaches to the Calyx
When should I peel guard petals?
Peel ONLY if guard petals show blemishes or disease problems.
- Guard petals with damaged spots, creases, streaks or tears
- Guards petals that are excessively black—so much so, it impairs salability
- Guard petals with raised blister look of Botrytis
Why should I keep foliage?
Specialized cells on the underside of foliage pull solution up to the stem into the bloom. Remove only those leaves underwater (to control solution pollution). See our previous blog piece “Should you strip your roses?” about the effects of stripping roses of thorns and foliage.
It’s summer and to many that means long hot days and for others it means Wedding time. Chrysal fan and Forever Blossoms designer Brett Usina worked his magic recently for a stupendous wedding in Groove Isle, FL. His arrangements included Sarah Bernhardt Peonies, Polar Star Roses, Esperance Roses, White Hypericum, White Hydrangea, Pink Lisianthus, Hanging Green Amaranthus, Green Dendrobium Orchids, White Phaleonopsis Orchids, and Wax Flower. Brett made sure to hydrated his flowers with Chrysal Professional 2 T-Bags and Chrysal RosePro Solutions for his perfectly Pink Peonies. In order to guarantee the fresh look to the bride in groom he used Chrysal Professional Glory which prevented the petals from wilting and provided a shield to protect against evaporation.
We love the color combination and the use of the Peonies in the aisle & marvelous chuppah! Great job Brett!!! Check out the gorgeous pictures below.
Here are some tips for Peonies:
- Prepare clean buckets (or vases) with Chrysal RosePro Vase food
- Follow mixing instructions on label. Use cold water
- Cut 1-2 inches from stems. Immediately place flowers in prepared cold solution
- Allow flowers to drink 2-4hrs min. before designing. (Overnight in cooler even better!)
- Flowers can stay in same solution up to 5-6 days
- Watch solution level—peonies are BIG drinkers!
- Top up containers with fresh solution (not tap water)
- Vase life potential ranges 4-7days depending on variety, cut stage, age & treatments
Cut flower food prolongs the vase life more than 60% over water treatment
BOUQUET MAKER / WHOLESALER
For wet-pack s hipping and sales display ~
- Store boxes cold (34-36F)
- Prepare clean buckets with cold water and correct amount of Professional #2 (liquid or Tbags)
- Cut 1-2 inches and place immediately into Professional #2 solution
- Store buckets in cooler (34-36F)
- Advantages of Professional #2 treatment
- Low-sugar flower food boost flow in stems
- Lowers pH to 3.5—5.0 range to dissolve air blockages in stems—boosting flow!
- Controls pollution up to 5 days
- Provides energy to keep foliage and flowers turgid
Would you serve a lion fancy feast cat food? Probably not!
Would you serve your cat a big fat piece of Zebra meat? Probably not!
So why give roses a packet of bulb flower food.
All cut flowers benefit from the active ingredients in a cut flower food by absorbing those through the cut surface at the stem end. Like different animals their needs differ from flower to flower. This depends on on their sensitivity to post-harvest stress. For instance the Rose is a woody stemmed flower that is similar to Hydrangeas in the fact that they need lots and lots of Hydration solution. Bulb flowers such as Tulips, Lilies, etc. need less sugars in their food than the sugar loving Rose.
These following factors are important for fine-tuning the composition of a cut flower per flower type:
- flower petal development (shape,size,scent,color)
- water pollution (turbid water, nasty smell, stem discoloration, bent-neck, limp stems/leaves and flowers, vascular blockage.
- lack or surplus of plant growth regulators (leaf yellowing premature aging, petal and leaf drop, stem elongation)
- toxins released by other flowers (Narcissus slime, greens).
When faced with flower-specific problem remember that there are special cut flower foods developed specially for that flower.
Chrysal has developed special cut flower foods for flowers such as: Roses, Lilies, Tulips (all bulbous flowers), mixed bouquets and many more.
A little history:
The peony is named after Paeon (also spelled Paean), a student of Asclepius, the Greek god of medicine and healing. Asclepius became jealous of his pupil; Zeus saved Paeon from the wrath of Asclepius by turning him into the peony flower
– Prepare a clean vase with RosePro Vase food.
– Follow mixing instructions on label. USE COLD WATER
– Cut 1-2 inches from stems. Immediately place flowers in prepared containers.
– Allow flowers to drink 2-4 hrs minimum before designing.
(Overnight in cooler even better!)
– Flowers can stay in same solution up to 6 days
– Watch solution level-peonies are big drinkers!
– Top up containers with fresh solution ( not tap water)
– Vase life potential ranges 4-7 days depending on variety, cut stage, age & treatments.
CUT FLOWER FOOD PROLONGS THE VASE LIFE MORE THAN 60% OVER WATER TREATMENT.