The Freesia is a versatile flower that comes in many sizes, shapes and colors. Let your imagination go wild and combine different colors and different flowers! The freesia is originally from South Africa “Cape Lily of the Valley”, and it can be single or double flowered. It comes in white, yellow, orange, red, blue, pink and purple, but can also be bicolored or multi-colored. Many varieties have a beautiful sweet scent which makes freesias even more attractive.

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There are many benefits to using cut flower food. Tap water alone does not contain any of the natural food supplements that the cut flower needs for its development. The flower food supplements and the pH balancers in Chrysal cut flower foods restore the flower’s equilibrium and it’s resistance to cell and stem deterioration to what it was while the flower was on the plant. The accelerated aging caused by cutting the flower off the plant is slowed down. The flower develops in a natural way and the vase water does not get contaminated by the micro-organisms released in the decomposition process as it does in vases with just tap water.

Watch the difference that Chrysal cut flower food makes…


Flower food home remedies…Do they work?

If your looking to care for your flowers using simple home remedies, you should understand the full truth about them. Sure, home remedies can supply some nourishment to a flower, but that doesn’t mean it is a good supplement for flower food. Fresh cut flowers are like babies—they need food and water to survive and attention from harvest to final vase.  Proper conditioning involves providing a balance of 3 basic ingredients: nutrients to feed the blooms, pH corrector to get the water into the zone flowers drink most efficiently and clarifiers to keep pollution and bacteria under control. Without conditioning, flowers have a significantly shorter vase life (50% shorter!). Home remedies are based on bits and pieces of truth and flower needs, but commercial formulations provide a balanced combination of the “right stuff”. Flower food home remedies…Do they work?

Soda

Provides sugar to feed the blooms, but also feed bacteria actively developing in the solution.  Bacteria will ultimately clog stems and stop water uptake leading to poor hydration.

Bleach

Does supply a short-term bacteria control, but provides no nutrients for flower development and does not lower pH.

Pennies

Copper was a common fungicide years ago, but since 1942, there has not been enough copper in pennies to provide any residual effect.

Pin in the necks of tulips

No scientific proven effect and results in a wound by which bacteria and Botrytis can enter.

Vodka

Provides nutrients, but does not lower the pH and contains nothing to check bacteria.

Aspirin

Lowers the pH of the solution, but provides no nutrients to feed the flower and does not control bacteria.

 

While home remedies do have some potential benefits, they should NOT be viewed as an effective replacement for flower food. Floral nutrients provide flowers and plants with the proper mix of nutrients, pH correctors, and clarifiers they need to keep fresher longer.

 


As Valentine’s Day passes, most of us will be finding new vases for lovely floral arrangements. Keeping the flowers fresh and lasting longer is paramount for anybody receiving Valentine’s flowers from a loved one. Valentine’s flowers  represent a deeper meaning and carry more sentimental value, making vase life a top priority. Their are proper precautions for increasing the vase life of your flowers after Valentine’s Day.  Here is some useful care and handling information that you should know to keep your Valentine’s flowers looking as beautiful as ever.

Start clean; use a clean vase

Make sure the vase or display container you use is clean! Any dirt or dust left in the vase upon filling with water can lead to bacteria formation which can be harmful to the flowers, thus affecting the vase life.Use tap water (the colder the better!

Use tap water (the colder the better!)

For post Valentine’s, it’s important to use very cold water to keep your beautiful arrangements lasting as long as possible. Cold water will keep your flowers looking fresher longer. Warm or hot water is recommended if you want your blooms to open faster. Also, be sure to change the water quite frequently, possibly every day or every other day.

Remove leaves which will fall below the water level

It’s important that no leaves come in contact with the vase water. Leaves that fall below the water level will increase the chance that bacteria forms. Again, the presence of bacteria is very harmful to the flower and will affect the longevity of the flowers life.

Cut the stems 1-2 inches

At the bottom of each flower, the stem can become clogged or mushy making water uptake difficult for proper hydration. Therefore, it’s important to cut your stems frequently to allow for efficient hydration. Chrysal recommends to cut stems 1-2 inches, but stay closer to 1 inch if you have a shorter stemmed flower. Also,  be sure to cut the stems at an angle to allow the best water uptake and to prevent damaging and flatting the stem. Click here for more info.

Don’t Forget the Flower Food!

Along with the care and handling tips above, you might also want to consider using a flower care treatment. Treating your flowers to some Chrysal will keep your flowers lasting longer and looking as beautiful as ever! Chrysal offers many treatment options for many different flower types, allowing you to make your Valentine’s flowers last.


To ensure longer vase life of your fresh cut flowers, it’s important to give them a fresh trim every once in a while.  What many don’t know is that it’s very important to cut your stems quite frequently, we recommend every few days.  Find out the benefits of cutting your stems often and why you should cut flower stems 1-2 inches.

Why should I cut stems frequently?

If you are transporting fresh cut flowers home and they are dry for a period of more than 30 minutes, you should cut the stem once you get home before arranging them in a vase.  When a fresh cut flower is cut and kept dry, the cut off flower stem protects itself against infections and drying out through the cutting wound by sealing it, much like a wound on our skin.  This means when cut flowers are put into a vase with solution, the water absorption is greatly decreased or even completely stopped, resulting in premature demise of the entire flower.  This also happens when stems are in vase arrangements for long periods of time.  Flower ends soon become waterlogged and mushy when in solution, making it important to re-cut stems every few days.  If the end of the stem becomes too waterlogged, the flowers may begin to droop and lose their petals more quickly due to lack of hydration.  It’s also worth noting that most of the germs and organic matter accumulate towards the bottom of stems, making this a portal for bacteria growth.  Re-cutting each stem will ultimately keep your flowers alive and fresher for longer.

Why should I cut 1-2 inches?

Many industrialists will lend the advice of cutting your stems 1/4 to 1/2 inch in order to preserve the length of the stem.  However, 75-85% of bacteria, organic matter and germs are lodged in the bottom 1-2 inches of stems.  It’s important to open stem tissue by eliminating micro-organisms with a fresh cut so solution can flow freely through the stem towards the head of the flower for proper nourishment.  In order to see the greatest effects, try to trim the stems 1-2 inches with an angled cut (if you have a shorter stem flower, try to stick with close to 1 inch).  With a sharp knife or sharp floral cutter or scissor, make an angled on the stem.  This will help ensure proper water uptake for the stem.  If you fear trimming 1-2 inches will result in your arrangement not being tall enough for your vase, try using an opaque vase.  This will allow you to use Chrysal Floral Foam at the bottom to add height to your arrangement that is lost with the cut stems.  Also, as you are trimming the stems, be sure to trim foliage too so it does not get submerged in water.

Quick Tip

Are you afraid that cutting stems will disturb the flower placement in a beautiful arrangement? A quick tip is to tie the stems with twine just above the vase’s edge before taking them out for a cut.  Make sure to hold the tied arrangement firmly as you re-cut the stems.  After you are finished, place the arrangement back into the clean vase (remove the twine) and refill with fresh water and Chrysal flower food.


Unequal Opening

During vase life evaluation of mixed bouquets the individual flowers are not necessarly in the same mature stage. Gerbera, Carnations or Chrysanthmum are already open, while others like Roses, Iris’ and lilies are still in an immature stage.  What is the reason behind this unequal opening?  Just like when you are picking out an outfit you usually shop around different stores or maybe you shopped at the same store but definitely a different department.  Same applies to mixed bouquets, not all the flowers are grown together and some varieties look great together but mature at different times.

 

Which factors influence the flower development from bud to fully open flowers?

1.  Harvest Stage: Flowers such as Chrysanthemums, Carnations and Gerberas are harvested already in an open stage.  So when present in a mixed bouquet they will be the most developed flower/

2.  Need for food: Some flowers such as Roses and Eustoma, react positively when flower food is used because of their immature stage and as such need a lot of food to develop to a full flowering stage.

3.  Vase Water pollution: Vase water without any flower food will quickly be polltued with micro-organisms.  Some flowers such as Roses, Gerbera and a lot of summer flowers are very sentive for pollution.  When this occurs, flower development will be reduced or totally cease.  Other flowers, such as spray carnations are less sensitive to pollution and if these are mixed within a mixed bouquet they will develop better compared to the Roses.

 

 

What can Chrysal do to get more equal flowering mixed bouquets?

  • Trade: By Using Chrysal Clear Professional during the transport and display phase the trade can prevent unequal development.
  • Consumer: By using Chrysal Clear Cut Flower Food the flower development will be even more.

 

Both Chrysal products also slow down the development of pollution.

Click to watch how a mixed bouquet performs with & without Chrysal Flower Food

 


1. Start with a clean vase

2.  Empty Chrysal Cut flower food into the vase

3.  Check the back of the sachet and add correct amount of water

4.  Remove leaves below water level

5.  Cut 2-3 cm off the bottom of the stems

6.  Arrange in the vase

7.  Top up if necessary

8. Avoid draught

9. Avoid direct sunlight

10.  Do not place flowers near fruits, avoid Ethylene damage

11.  Remove dead or wilting flowers


If a college admissions officer had to choose which flower to grant admissions to, it would most definitely be a Chrysanthemum. These “well-rounded” flowers were first cultivated in China as early as the 15th century BC. The Chrysanthemum can be found in a wide range of colors, from purple, white, and yellow, to pink and orange.  The mums name comes from the Greek meaning “golden flower” historically chrysanthemums were primarily yellow flowered.

There is such a variety of “Mums” in the United States, that a system of classification was created to categorize and identify them.  Japan even has a national Chrysanthemum Day, which represents a day of happiness. In Australia the Chrysanthemum is the traditional flower given to mothers every May to celebrate their special day.

The Chrysanthemum has even been proven by NASA’s clean air study, to reduce the emissions of indoor air pollution. Extracts of this unique, but common flower can be used as a medicine, including treatment for HIV. Even John Steinbeck, one of the most prolific authors in United States history wrote a short story entitled “The Chrysanthemums.”

There are many reasons to enjoy these beautiful flowers, and it all starts with handling them right!

Vase Life: 8-10 days, often even longer.

Care and Handling Tips:

  • Respect temperature parameters. Store flowers at 34-38F.
  • Avoid high temperatures because overheating causes foliage to yellow
  • Avoid dripping on flower heads to reduce Botrytis potential
  • Give breathing room when filling buckets.

Wholesale/Retail level:

  • Chrysanths need clean solutions (Chrysal Professional #1 hydration) to insure good flow, but are not particularly sugar-needy (flower food).
  • Recommend to give a clean cut, no ABSOLUTELY do not pound stems!

RETAIL Handling

  • Give stems a fresh cut. Place in Chrysal Professional #2 processing solution (low sugar)
  • Allow bunches to drink for 2-4 hours before using in design or placing on sales floor

CONSUMERS:

  • Start clean. Gives stems a fresh cut
  • Fill vases with Chrysal flower food according to direction
  • Top-up with fresh food, not tap water

For more information on Chrysal products visit: www.chrysalusa.com


Leaves contaminate the vase water, just like stems do.  The stems have to be in the water, the leaf, however serves no purpose in the water.  Chrysal recommends to remove leaves right up to the water level.  The additional positive effect of this is that it decreases the amount of evaporation because the total leaf surface is decreased.

All of the contamination, plant protection products and remnants of  fertilizers contaminate the vase water.  Hygiene and prevention of infection of the vase water provide the best contribution to a long vase life and vase water that has no foul odor.

Advice:

  • Always clean your vases & cutting tools.
  • Remove thorns carefully, if you have to do it at all.
  • Make sure to use cut flower food.
  • If your design has a leaf at the bottom of the vase, use faux foliage ribbon available at your local Floral wholesaler