As Valentine’s Day passes, most of us will be finding new vases for lovely floral arrangements. Keeping the flowers fresh and lasting longer is paramount for anybody receiving Valentine’s flowers from a loved one. Valentine’s flowers  represent a deeper meaning and carry more sentimental value, making vase life a top priority. Their are proper precautions for increasing the vase life of your flowers after Valentine’s Day.  Here is some useful care and handling information that you should know to keep your Valentine’s flowers looking as beautiful as ever.

Start clean; use a clean vase

Make sure the vase or display container you use is clean! Any dirt or dust left in the vase upon filling with water can lead to bacteria formation which can be harmful to the flowers, thus affecting the vase life.Use tap water (the colder the better!

Use tap water (the colder the better!)

For post Valentine’s, it’s important to use very cold water to keep your beautiful arrangements lasting as long as possible. Cold water will keep your flowers looking fresher longer. Warm or hot water is recommended if you want your blooms to open faster. Also, be sure to change the water quite frequently, possibly every day or every other day.

Remove leaves which will fall below the water level

It’s important that no leaves come in contact with the vase water. Leaves that fall below the water level will increase the chance that bacteria forms. Again, the presence of bacteria is very harmful to the flower and will affect the longevity of the flowers life.

Cut the stems 1-2 inches

At the bottom of each flower, the stem can become clogged or mushy making water uptake difficult for proper hydration. Therefore, it’s important to cut your stems frequently to allow for efficient hydration. Chrysal recommends to cut stems 1-2 inches, but stay closer to 1 inch if you have a shorter stemmed flower. Also,  be sure to cut the stems at an angle to allow the best water uptake and to prevent damaging and flatting the stem. Click here for more info.

Don’t Forget the Flower Food!

Along with the care and handling tips above, you might also want to consider using a flower care treatment. Treating your flowers to some Chrysal will keep your flowers lasting longer and looking as beautiful as ever! Chrysal offers many treatment options for many different flower types, allowing you to make your Valentine’s flowers last.

It is extremely important to get an early start on your Valentines Day preparation.  We feel that a clean start is always the best start.  In order to make sure your Valentine Flowers will look beautiful and maintain optimal freshness throughout the season, it is important to start clean by following Chrysal’s best floral cleaning practices.  For the best results, use Chrysal Professional Cleaner.  Chrysal Professional Cleaner is a flower friendly cleaning agent ideal for all buckets, vases, containers, work tables, walls and coolers.  Easy to use and biodegrable formula.  More efficient than bleach and smells better too!  Here are some care and handling tips for keeping your floral buckets and tools clean.

  • Prepare your cleaning solution with cold water and with proper dosage in a spray bottle.  Correct dose ensures 100% efficiency!
  • Spray buckets and tools with your cleaning agent and scrub using a scrub brush
  • With buckets, make sure your are cleaning the inside, outside and even the bottom of your buckets (if your stacking)
  • Once your work station, buckets and tools are cleaned, rinse off the remaining cleaning solution residue with water (For a more efficient clean, let the cleaner sit for a few minutes before rinsing off your tools and buckets)
  • Make sure you are also cleaning and wiping down all work tables and stations
  • Clean frequently throughout the day (3-5 times a day is recommended but will vary based on work performed)

Check out our Youtube page ChrysalCares for videos on proper cleaning procedures as well as many other care and handling tips!


There still is not  much clear about the impact of the water temperature on the longevity of flowers.  Some florists vow on cold water, others on lukewarm or even warm water. In general: the colder, the better.

Florists differ in their opinion about the “right” water temperature for their cut flowers. Many prefer lukewarm or even warm water to cold. However, a positive effect of warm water has not been  endorsed by any (scientific) research. On the contrary, there are many arguments which are in favor of the use of cold water with almost all cut flowers. As a maximum temperature ranks 10° C.


Bacterial growth

Micro organisms as bacteria and fungus grow faster at a high temperature than at a low temperature. At  every temperature rise of 10°C the growth speed is on average three times higher.  So at a start value of 100,000 bacteria per ml/solution (a very realistic number when flowers are put fresh on “clean water”) this number grew in three hours time at 30°C to 2.7 million (see graphic). This is far above the critical limit of 1 million which in general is considered to be the maximum number of bacteria per milliliter.


This script only applies when no preservative is added  to the water. But also when using such a product it is a “pity” that the bacterial killing capacity of the product is so heavily burdened during the first hours. This might be at the expense of the activity of the product, after a couple of days. In addition some preservatives do not withstand high temperatures (> 40°C) and become inactive. Higher temperatures and the bacterial growth involved may also cause stem discoloration of flowers with soft stems, such as Gerbera and Chrysanthemum.

Blockage of the flower stems

After the cut flowers are cut off air is sucked in the vessels by the under-pressure in the vascular bundles – this air blocks the water supply. Placing flowers on cold water prevents this blocking in many cases, as in cold water more air can be solved than in warm water.

Acidification of the solution is helpful for a good water uptake. That is why most preservatives reduce the pH value of the water.

Ambient temperature

As the water temperature adopts the  surrounding temperature after some time, one cannot see one thing apart from the other.  The ambient temperature has a significant impact on the evaporation of flowers (through the leaf): the higher the temperature, the higher the evaporation. At an ambient temperature of 2-4°C the evaporation is about one fifth of the evaporation at a temperature of 20°C. The ambient temperature therefore may not exceed 20°C.

Through a higher ambient temperature the loss of water in the flower is so high, that water shortage occurs in the stem causing the flowers and leaves to drop. This is a well-known problem: especially for Bouvardia and Chrysanthemum. At the same time flowers age quicker at higher temperatures and develop faster bacteria and fungus (botrytis). Finally, at a higher ambient temperature flowers are more sensitive for the aging hormone ethylene. This subject will be discussed in a following article.



  • Place flowers in cold water with a well dosed preservative. Water of 10°C at a maximum is recommended. The ambient temperature must not exceed 20°C.
  • Place flowers, especially after dry transport, one or two hours in the cold store to enable them to hydrate well before they are placed in the (cool) shop. It is evident that Anthurium, orchids and other tropical flowers should not be placed in the cold store.


It’s summer and to many that means long hot days and for others it means Wedding time.  Chrysal fan and Forever Blossoms designer Brett Usina worked his magic recently for a stupendous wedding in Groove Isle, FL.  His arrangements included Sarah Bernhardt Peonies, Polar Star Roses, Esperance Roses, White Hypericum, White Hydrangea, Pink Lisianthus, Hanging Green Amaranthus, Green Dendrobium Orchids, White Phaleonopsis Orchids, and Wax Flower.  Brett made sure to  hydrated his flowers with Chrysal Professional 2 T-Bags and Chrysal RosePro Solutions for his perfectly Pink Peonies.  In order to guarantee the fresh look to the bride in groom he used Chrysal Professional Glory which prevented the petals from wilting and provided a shield to protect against evaporation.

We love the color combination and the use of the Peonies in the aisle & marvelous chuppah!  Great job Brett!!! Check out the gorgeous pictures below.

Here are some tips for Peonies:


  • Prepare clean buckets (or vases) with Chrysal RosePro Vase food
  • Follow mixing instructions on label. Use cold water
  • Cut 1-2 inches from stems. Immediately place flowers in prepared cold solution
  • Allow flowers to drink 2-4hrs min. before designing. (Overnight in cooler even better!)
  • Flowers can stay in same solution up to 5-6 days
  • Watch solution level—peonies are BIG drinkers!
  • Top up containers with fresh solution (not tap water)
  • Vase life potential ranges 4-7days depending on variety, cut stage, age & treatments

Cut flower food prolongs the vase life more than 60% over water treatment


For wet-pack s hipping and sales display ~

  • Store boxes cold (34-36F)
  • Prepare clean buckets with cold water and correct amount of Professional #2 (liquid or Tbags)
  • Cut 1-2 inches and place immediately into Professional #2 solution
  • Store buckets in cooler (34-36F) 
  • Advantages of Professional #2 treatment
    • Low-sugar flower food boost flow in stems
    • Lowers pH to 3.5—5.0 range to dissolve air blockages in stems—boosting flow!
    • Controls pollution up to 5 days
    • Provides energy to keep foliage and flowers turgid