Here are some situations and solutions that are often encountered when it comes to gerberas.

 

SITUATION: A box of expensive Dutch gerbera daisies have gone limp because the customer did not pick up (kept pushing the order forward). Finally (day 6) we gave up on the customer, cut stems and placed in water with Chrysal gerbera pills. Holding buckets out of cooler after 2 hours, stems are turgid but petals are still limp.

QUESTIONS: Should we spritz, dunk, submerge the blooms? Keep waiting? Normally, I would worry about botrytis infection if we get the heads wet, but blooms will be put into action on Tuesday. Also our environment is very dry. What else can we do?

 SOLUTION: You’ve done everything right so far.

  • Avoid dunking, spritzing or submerging blooms—too much handling causes mechanical damage, too much water ramps up disease pressure
  • Once stems are full of super clean water (4-6 hrs), transfer into Chrysal Professional 2 solution. Pro 2 provides the carbo-load so petals firm up and colors stay vibrant
  • When you transfer blooms into Professional 2, move buckets into cooler.

 

 

SITUATION: Gerbera blooms are locked in side-facing position. I want them to look up, not sideways.

SOLUTION: Take stems out of water and out of cooler for several hours so they get thirsty.

  • Prepare cold water (34-36F) with Chrysal Gerbera pills (1 pill/ half gallon water)
  • Cut stems, with a clean, sharp knife. Make sure to give a fresh cut above the “heel” (white tissue at bottom of stem)
  • Plunge stems into solution. Shallow water level-3-4”
  • When flowers go into buckets, make support stems upright, no hang-overs in bucket. Make a grid with tape on top of processing bucket so stems hang vertical, but don’t suffer scrapes or wounds as flowers are slotted
  • Place buckets in cooler so stems harden-off fast
  • Design Gerberas as usual vase flower food

 

SITUATION: Gerberas arrive with petals reflexing down toward the floor rather than horizontal position

SOLUTION: Contact vendor and explain the blooms appear to be cut too soon and you’ll need a replacement.



The Freesia is a versatile flower that comes in many sizes, shapes and colors. Let your imagination go wild and combine different colors and different flowers! The freesia is originally from South Africa “Cape Lily of the Valley”, and it can be single or double flowered. It comes in white, yellow, orange, red, blue, pink and purple, but can also be bicolored or multi-colored. Many varieties have a beautiful sweet scent which makes freesias even more attractive.

Continue reading →


We bet you’re not the only one who likes this flower with its wide variety of shapes and colors! There are two types of hydrangea, the spring/summer variation and the classic variation, which blooms from summer through to autumn. If you treat them right, Hydrangeas are very rewarding flowers and they can last for over 3 weeks in an arrangement or a bouquet.

Click to watch video:

The creative part we leave up to you, but here are some tips to enjoy the Hydrangea as long as possible.

1. Hydrangeas have a high energy and water need

Hydrangeas have a very strong transpiration and also need a lot of energy to maintain color and strength. Due to the enormous flower surface and thinness of their petals, the flower will wilt if there is not enough liquid available. If this happens, cut off about 3-4 cm of the stem with a sharp knife and place the flower in a cool, fresh and clean Chrysal Clear Universal flower food solution. This solution quickly hydrates the flower and boosts the energy level of the flower, which is vital for good vase life.

2. Outdoor grown Hydrangeas sometimes have a very wooden stem end

Dutch hydrangeas are produced in greenhouses, and their peak production is in spring until late fall. Abroad they can be grown outdoors and depending on the climate they will be available year-round. Outdoor grown Hydrangeas sometimes have a very wooden stem end. In case the flower starts to wilt, cut off that part of the stem.

3. White Hydrangeas can turn blueish

This is a real nightmare for every florist. White Hydrangeas – most of the time used for weddings – can turn blueish in the centre of the flower when you use a post-harvest product containing Aluminium sulphate. Therefore make sure the flower food or storage solution contains the word “Clear” as in Chrysal Clear Professional 2 for the storage period and Chrysal Clear Universal flower food or Chrysal Clear Professional 3 for the consumer phase.

About the different variations Hydrangeas
The Hydrangeas that are available in spring/summer are mostly uniform in colour and are not left on the plant to mature, instead they are harvested when fully opened. The classic variation, available in summer and autumn, can even last for months: these flowers change color and become papery. The pictures show how the color of a pink variety changes from fresh (2) to classic (4). Picture 1 shows the least vase and is not recommended to use.
 

Bumpy pumpkins are awesome!!!

Want to snatch attention away from the turkey on the harvest table? Make a flower centerpiece in a bumpy pumpkin. Easy. Whack the top off the pumpkin, scoop out the guts and line the interior with a piece of thick plastic—a heavy-duty garbage bag cut open works well. Make sure to cut it large enough so there it overlaps the edge of the pumpkin about 4 inches. The foam and water pulls the plastic deeper into the cavity than you expect. A recycled yogurt tub makes a great container to support a chunk of foam. Soak the foam in flower food first to maximize flower longevity.

Prep the berries, twigs and assorted foliages in water treated with a Gerbera pill to wash off  dust and germs that foul the water fast (sacrificing longevity). Then prep the flowers in Chrysal Professional 2 so they are 100% juiced and ready to go all the way.

This year give thanks for creativity.

Image Courtesy of Society Bride


BEST TREATMENTS TO KEEP HYDRANGEAS LOOKING GREAT

1)  If Hydrangea blooms arrive directly from the grower or if blooms have been dry-packed for two days or more, Chrysal Professional 1 is the best way to turn on the flow.

  • Prep buckets with cold water and correctly dose Chrysal Professional 1.
  • Remove water/gel baggie (or cotton) from stem ends. Wash off any gel stuck to stem.
  • With sharp and clean shears, cut 1-2 inches.
  • Cut above old (brown) stem tissue. These blooms only drink efficiently through new (green) stem tissues.
  • Allow time. A quick dip in Alum powder or an instant hydrator doesn’t give sustained results.
  • Let blooms drink in Professional 1 for a minimum of 4 hrs up to 3 days.
  • Once fully hydrated-transfer to Chrysal Professional 2 or vase solution Professional 3.

2)  If blooms arrive in buckets, Professional 2 is the solution of choice.

  • Prepare buckets with cold water and Professional 2.
  • Check stem ends and remove water baggies. Wash off any gel stuck to stems.
  • Give a fresh cut into green tissues. Sugars in Professional 2 solution keep flowers turgid.
  • Allow plenty of room so moisture on florets evaporate BEFORE moving flowers into cooler.

CLEMATIS CARE

  • Prep bucket with Chrysal Professional 1 solution.
  • Use COLD water.
  • Follow dosing instructions (2ml/liter).
  • Remove any gel baggies or wet cotton on stem ends. Rinse off gel.
  • With a sharp, clean knife cut off 1 inch from stems.
  • Let flowers hydrate overnight BEFORE using in arrangements and design work.
  • No foam. Do not crush, boil or burn stems.
  • Avoid dripping on blooms.

 

Image Courtesy of iGarden

Image Courtesy of iGarden


Lilac & viburnum

Lilac, (Syringa vulgaris), is the beautiful cousin in a family tree that includes the less attractive, but more versatile cousins of the olive family. Lilac is native to the Balkan Peninsula, where it grows on rocky hillsides. But how do you handle your Lilac’s?

Two Treatment Choices:

  1. Professional #1 – gets the flow going and opens the internal plumbing system of woodies.
  2. Professional #2 – The preferred treatment of Dutch growers because it provides double-duty: Pro#2 kick-starts flow AND provides the energy to keep all those florets looking great.

Dose:

  • Professional #1 – 2ml per liter (very lean). Slightly shy of 2 teaspoons per gallon.
  • Professional #2 – Double concentrate is 5ml per liter or 4 teaspoons per gallon.
  • Professional #2 – Original formula = 10ml/liter.

Length of treatment time:

  • Overnight drink is best, up to 7 days in cooler.

Disposal:

  • Safe to dump spent bucket solutions in drain.
  • Rinse out concentrate jug before disposing.

Please don’t pound stems -Pounding is old school!

Pounding woody stems causes far more problems than good.

Lilac

  • Wounded tissues cannot drink – in fact, pounding causes a juice bar for bacteria that explode in the organic juices and dead cells floating in the water.
  • Pounding also triggers internal ethylene production as a stress response. Ethylene causes floret drop. Shortens vase life.
  • Pounding is out. Sharp, clean shears are in!

If you really want to impress your customers this Valentine’s Day, be sure to show your flowers some love by treating them with the proper solution.  Always remember that happy flowers lead to happy customers!  Whether your looking for a solution for storing and transporting your flowers, or a solution for your beautiful floral arrangements you have on display, Chrysal offers many different solutions for different purposes.  It’s important to understand what is the best solution for your flowers.

Hydration Solution

Dehydration is good for nobody, not even your flowers.  It’s common for bacteria to clog stems, impeding water flow through the flowers plumbing system.  Any treatment used must at least include a clarifier to keep bacteria under control.  Water alone does not fit this profile.  Chrysal Professional #1 is a conditioning product for all cut flowers that stimulates the rehydration of flowers after a period of dry transportation.  It increases vase life by up to 30% versus water alone.  For roses, Chrysal RosePro Hydration Solution really does the trick.  This Valentine’s Day, treat your customers with the most beautiful roses by using RosePro Hydration solution.  Any product that has been dry for an extended period of time benefits from a hydration boost (Gerberas, spray and garden roses, veronica, clematis, hydrangeas to name a few).

Transport and Holding Solution

For storing your Valentine’s flowers in floral buckets, keep them in optimum condition by using Chrysal Professional #2.  Chrysal Professional #2 is great for transportation and holding purposes.  It contains just enough nutrients for the natural development of the flowers, without stimulating a full development in this part of the chain.  It stimulates water uptake and keeps flowers and foliage in an optimum condition.

Vase and Foam Solution

As Valentine’s Day approaches, it’s important to impress your customers with floral arrangements that keep their beauty and remain in optimal condition for as long as possible.  This is what Chrysal Professional #3 helps to achieve.  Chrysal Professional #3 is a solution designed to keep your flowers in peak condition so they stay as beautiful as ever in your arrangements.  The solution prolongs vase life by up to 60% versus water alone and also allows the flowers to maintain their true colors while reducing fading.  For your vases, be sure to use Chrysal Professional #3 solution for the best results.  Your customers will notice.


As a floral professional making that first impression count is key.  Chrysal wants to help your customers enjoy their flowers to the fullest.  Chrysal has all the solutions you need but following these tips can help as well.

The Invisible Enemy:

  • Bacteria thrive on the sugary sap that leaks from all stems.
  • They double every 20 mins and in 10 hrs. 100 bacteria cells can become more than 100 billion cells.
  • They live in dirty buckets, unclean flower preparation tables, unclean cutting tools and they invade the flower through the cut ends and quickly block the water conducting vessels to the flower head.  This causes flower wilting and a very short vase life.
  • Bacteria can be detected by rubbing your fingers around the inside of your bucket or vase- a slippery feel indicates a presence of bacteria.  Likewise if the vase or bucket water is smelly – then bacteria are actively growing.

How to manage this?

  • Clean buckets inside and out with floral cleaner like Chrysal Cleaner.  Soap and detergent will not kill bacteria.
  • Let floral buckets dry before they are stacked.
  • Clean your floral cutting tools and tables daily.

Flower foods are the key

  • Chrysal has designed flower foods that manage the water environment by keeping it clean and adjust the water pH for the best uptake of water.
  • Flower shops and Floral professionals who use Chrysal Professional 2 at the correct does will lower labor cost for cleaning vases and buckets.  They will have longer lasting flowers and will have greater customer satisfaction.  Importantly, if used correctly, profits will rise.
  • Flower shop customers who use the Chrysal flower food packets will have longer lasting flowers and are more likely to return to your flower shop more often because they are happy with their flowers.

Flower arrangement in plain water vs. flowers drinking Chrysal flower food. Day 7


If a college admissions officer had to choose which flower to grant admissions to, it would most definitely be a Chrysanthemum. These “well-rounded” flowers were first cultivated in China as early as the 15th century BC. The Chrysanthemum can be found in a wide range of colors, from purple, white, and yellow, to pink and orange.  The mums name comes from the Greek meaning “golden flower” historically chrysanthemums were primarily yellow flowered.

There is such a variety of “Mums” in the United States, that a system of classification was created to categorize and identify them.  Japan even has a national Chrysanthemum Day, which represents a day of happiness. In Australia the Chrysanthemum is the traditional flower given to mothers every May to celebrate their special day.

The Chrysanthemum has even been proven by NASA’s clean air study, to reduce the emissions of indoor air pollution. Extracts of this unique, but common flower can be used as a medicine, including treatment for HIV. Even John Steinbeck, one of the most prolific authors in United States history wrote a short story entitled “The Chrysanthemums.”

There are many reasons to enjoy these beautiful flowers, and it all starts with handling them right!

Vase Life: 8-10 days, often even longer.

Care and Handling Tips:

  • Respect temperature parameters. Store flowers at 34-38F.
  • Avoid high temperatures because overheating causes foliage to yellow
  • Avoid dripping on flower heads to reduce Botrytis potential
  • Give breathing room when filling buckets.

Wholesale/Retail level:

  • Chrysanths need clean solutions (Chrysal Professional #1 hydration) to insure good flow, but are not particularly sugar-needy (flower food).
  • Recommend to give a clean cut, no ABSOLUTELY do not pound stems!

RETAIL Handling

  • Give stems a fresh cut. Place in Chrysal Professional #2 processing solution (low sugar)
  • Allow bunches to drink for 2-4 hours before using in design or placing on sales floor

CONSUMERS:

  • Start clean. Gives stems a fresh cut
  • Fill vases with Chrysal flower food according to direction
  • Top-up with fresh food, not tap water

For more information on Chrysal products visit: www.chrysalusa.com