Hypericum Berries

With 18 different varieties, the Hypericum Berries are the perfect fit for every season. The Hypericum Berries have multiple berries on each stem making them a wonderful filler and accent for many different looks.

But how to handle your Hypericum Berries?! 


Process Hypericum in Chrysal Professional # 3
(the same solution used to fill vases and soak foam)

Our Senior Technical manager, Rolf Timmerman, informs us that a major importer in the Dutch market treats all his hypericum (imported from Ecuador and Africa) with an overnight drink on Chrysal Professional # 3 to get the berries swelling to a bigger size.

More color, more interest!


DETAILS – Chrysal Professional #3


  • Liquid = 1oz per ½ gallon.
  • Powder = 1oz per 3qts water.



  • Lowers pH to boost flow.
  • Keeps water clear and flowing up to 5-7 days depending on temperature.
  • Provides nutrients for bigger berries, improved color vibrancy.

Flower food home remedies…Do they work?

If your looking to care for your flowers using simple home remedies, you should understand the full truth about them. Sure, home remedies can supply some nourishment to a flower, but that doesn’t mean it is a good supplement for flower food. Fresh cut flowers are like babies—they need food and water to survive and attention from harvest to final vase.  Proper conditioning involves providing a balance of 3 basic ingredients: nutrients to feed the blooms, pH corrector to get the water into the zone flowers drink most efficiently and clarifiers to keep pollution and bacteria under control. Without conditioning, flowers have a significantly shorter vase life (50% shorter!). Home remedies are based on bits and pieces of truth and flower needs, but commercial formulations provide a balanced combination of the “right stuff”. Flower food home remedies…Do they work?


Provides sugar to feed the blooms, but also feed bacteria actively developing in the solution.  Bacteria will ultimately clog stems and stop water uptake leading to poor hydration.


Does supply a short-term bacteria control, but provides no nutrients for flower development and does not lower pH.


Copper was a common fungicide years ago, but since 1942, there has not been enough copper in pennies to provide any residual effect.

Pin in the necks of tulips

No scientific proven effect and results in a wound by which bacteria and Botrytis can enter.


Provides nutrients, but does not lower the pH and contains nothing to check bacteria.


Lowers the pH of the solution, but provides no nutrients to feed the flower and does not control bacteria.


While home remedies do have some potential benefits, they should NOT be viewed as an effective replacement for flower food. Floral nutrients provide flowers and plants with the proper mix of nutrients, pH correctors, and clarifiers they need to keep fresher longer.


As Valentine’s Day passes, most of us will be finding new vases for lovely floral arrangements. Keeping the flowers fresh and lasting longer is paramount for anybody receiving Valentine’s flowers from a loved one. Valentine’s flowers  represent a deeper meaning and carry more sentimental value, making vase life a top priority. Their are proper precautions for increasing the vase life of your flowers after Valentine’s Day.  Here is some useful care and handling information that you should know to keep your Valentine’s flowers looking as beautiful as ever.

Start clean; use a clean vase

Make sure the vase or display container you use is clean! Any dirt or dust left in the vase upon filling with water can lead to bacteria formation which can be harmful to the flowers, thus affecting the vase life.Use tap water (the colder the better!

Use tap water (the colder the better!)

For post Valentine’s, it’s important to use very cold water to keep your beautiful arrangements lasting as long as possible. Cold water will keep your flowers looking fresher longer. Warm or hot water is recommended if you want your blooms to open faster. Also, be sure to change the water quite frequently, possibly every day or every other day.

Remove leaves which will fall below the water level

It’s important that no leaves come in contact with the vase water. Leaves that fall below the water level will increase the chance that bacteria forms. Again, the presence of bacteria is very harmful to the flower and will affect the longevity of the flowers life.

Cut the stems 1-2 inches

At the bottom of each flower, the stem can become clogged or mushy making water uptake difficult for proper hydration. Therefore, it’s important to cut your stems frequently to allow for efficient hydration. Chrysal recommends to cut stems 1-2 inches, but stay closer to 1 inch if you have a shorter stemmed flower. Also,  be sure to cut the stems at an angle to allow the best water uptake and to prevent damaging and flatting the stem. Click here for more info.

Don’t Forget the Flower Food!

Along with the care and handling tips above, you might also want to consider using a flower care treatment. Treating your flowers to some Chrysal will keep your flowers lasting longer and looking as beautiful as ever! Chrysal offers many treatment options for many different flower types, allowing you to make your Valentine’s flowers last.

With Valentine’s being weeks away, Chrysal wants to make sure you have all of the information regarding your Valentine’s flowers at your fingertips!  To continue our countdown to February 14th, here is all you need to know about roses!  Below are two very important things you must know and don’t forget to share with your customers.

1.  Correct cut point timing ensures proper bloom development

Rose buds attain maximum bud size in the final 3-7 days before harvest

  • Buds accumulate carbohydrate stores to ensure bloom opening
  • Bud size increases.  Customers love those larger heads!
  • Foliage tissues are actively storing sugars, water and hormones to guard against harvest stress
  • Varieties with a high petal count require an open cut stage to develop
  • Roses must arrive to stores at stage 3-4 for 100% development
  • Rose blooms cut too tight mean buds will never open

Do customers know…?

Don’t expect customers to know about changes in rose cut point.  For years, we diligently trained them to accept bullet tight, over-peeled roses as “fresh”.  Now they are confused on how to judge flower quality.  As a flower expert, it is your privilege and responsibility to educate your customers!

Where’s the fragrance?

The sweeter the fragrance the shorter the vase life.  Breeders choose varieties with long vase life so don’t be alarmed if the fragrance isn’t as sweet.

2.  Resist the urge to peel guard petals and foliage if you want your roses to last longer

Groom guard petals if needed, otherwise leave intact.

Why shouldn’t I peel guard petals?

  • Removing guard petals loosens the bud and promotes opening
  • Peeling guard petals triggers the onset of ethylene production.  Ethylene reduces vase life and hastens death in flowers.
  • Ethylene production starts at the point where the petal attaches to the Calyx

When should I peel guard petals?

Peel ONLY if guard petals show blemishes or disease problems.

  • Guard petals with damaged spots, creases, streaks or tears
  • Guards petals that are excessively black—so much so, it impairs salability
  • Guard petals with raised blister look of Botrytis

Why should I keep foliage?

Specialized cells on the underside of foliage pull solution up to the stem into the bloom.  Remove only those leaves underwater (to control solution pollution).  See our previous blog piece “Should you strip your roses?” about the effects of stripping roses of thorns and foliage.

If you really want to impress your customers this Valentine’s Day, be sure to show your flowers some love by treating them with the proper solution.  Always remember that happy flowers lead to happy customers!  Whether your looking for a solution for storing and transporting your flowers, or a solution for your beautiful floral arrangements you have on display, Chrysal offers many different solutions for different purposes.  It’s important to understand what is the best solution for your flowers.

Hydration Solution

Dehydration is good for nobody, not even your flowers.  It’s common for bacteria to clog stems, impeding water flow through the flowers plumbing system.  Any treatment used must at least include a clarifier to keep bacteria under control.  Water alone does not fit this profile.  Chrysal Professional #1 is a conditioning product for all cut flowers that stimulates the rehydration of flowers after a period of dry transportation.  It increases vase life by up to 30% versus water alone.  For roses, Chrysal RosePro Hydration Solution really does the trick.  This Valentine’s Day, treat your customers with the most beautiful roses by using RosePro Hydration solution.  Any product that has been dry for an extended period of time benefits from a hydration boost (Gerberas, spray and garden roses, veronica, clematis, hydrangeas to name a few).

Transport and Holding Solution

For storing your Valentine’s flowers in floral buckets, keep them in optimum condition by using Chrysal Professional #2.  Chrysal Professional #2 is great for transportation and holding purposes.  It contains just enough nutrients for the natural development of the flowers, without stimulating a full development in this part of the chain.  It stimulates water uptake and keeps flowers and foliage in an optimum condition.

Vase and Foam Solution

As Valentine’s Day approaches, it’s important to impress your customers with floral arrangements that keep their beauty and remain in optimal condition for as long as possible.  This is what Chrysal Professional #3 helps to achieve.  Chrysal Professional #3 is a solution designed to keep your flowers in peak condition so they stay as beautiful as ever in your arrangements.  The solution prolongs vase life by up to 60% versus water alone and also allows the flowers to maintain their true colors while reducing fading.  For your vases, be sure to use Chrysal Professional #3 solution for the best results.  Your customers will notice.

Having trouble finding floral pairs that work best for your bouquet mix?  Before you begin creating your bouquets, it’s important to understand what flower pairings work well together.  Most bouquets will usually contain a focal flower accompanied by fillers, mass flowers, and foliage.  The focal flower is usually one bloom per stem type flowers– Roses, Sunflowers, Lilies, Gerberas, Snaps, Zinnias, Peonies, Callas.  A filler can be anything that gives airiness to an arrangement– small flowers, berries, and small leaves.  Mass flowers would be blooms that are larger than filler florets, but not too dense– Spray Chrysanthemums, Spray Carnations, Lisianthus.  These flowers are used to bulk-up the arrangement around your focal flower.  It’s important to include some of these elements when arranging your bouquets.  Below is a general guide to some beautiful floral matches that work well with the most popular flower types.  It’s time to play Floral Match Game!


The Rose is one of the most famous and recognizable flower there is.  It is important to get the proper matches for this elegant flower so it maintains its true beauty.  With a rose, sometimes simplicity is best.

  • Fillers-  Baby’s Breath (Gypsophila) OR Filler Asters
  • Mass Flowers-  Alstroemeria
  • Foliage-  Eucalyptus


Tulips look great when you use 15-20 stems alone, providing a big impact.  If you buy 10 stems or less, you need  something to set them off and the best choice is some kind of foliage so the beauty of the blooms stand out.

  • Fillers-  Wax Flower
  • Mass Flowers-  Iris, Freesia, Asiatic Lillies
  • Foliage- Blooming branches OR Loops of Bear Grass


Carnations are extremely versatile and pair well with almost anything.  They offer a large color palette and great vase life!

  • Fillers-  Any type of filler will do.  Try Limonium.
  • Mass Flowers-  Daisy Pom Poms OR Marguerite Daisies
  • Foliage-  Sprengeril Fern


Gerbera Daisies are beautiful enough to stand on their own, but they do pair well with almost everything!  Poms, Lilies, Roses–Gerberas are very easy to pair up.  They are the classic focal flower because of their shape and vast color selection.

  • Fillers-  Solidago OR White Filler Asters (depending on the color of the Gerbera)
  • Mass Flowers-  Hypericum Berries
  • Foliage-  Bear Grass OR Eucalyptus


Alstroemeria is the classic mass flower and the wide color assortment makes it versatile. Because the umbel of blooms is pretty dense, it pairs best with striking focal flowers like Roses or Lilies.

  • Fillers-  Any white filler nicely sets off the cool colors of Alstroemeria.  Also try Sinuata Statice.
  • Mass Flowers-  Colored Callas (not the large white)
  • Foliage-  Usually Alstroemeria can stand without the complement of foliage, but if you are looking for something try Salal.


Chrysal offers various treatment options for the flowers listed above.

For more inspirations and ideas on flower pairings, visit http://www.inspirationby.nl/


Thanks to:



“ A customer is only going to pay for what they perceive as value; the rest is waste.”
Matt Gold, president of Gold Hill Nursery in Hillsboro OR

Today’s consumers are info-starved and don’t have a minute to spare. If your employee can’t confidently answer their question, Google is punched into a smart phone faster than you can say, “let me find out for you.” Failure is not an option. Consumers want to know how to make their flower purchase last. Product failure is the kiss of death for (repeat) flower sales so training is tantamount to winning sustainable sales. Personnel is your starting point. Here is some information on flowers that your personnel should know!

FAQs all floral employees should be able to answer:

1. Where are these flowers grown?
2. How do they keep them fresh from Colombia to my home?
3. How long will they last?
4. How do I take care of it once I get home?
5. Does that little food packet make a difference?
6. Can I use the petals in my salad and sprinkled on the icing of my cupcakes for color?


1.  85% of all commercial flowers enjoyed by US consumers are grown in Colombia and Ecuador

2.  Strict protocols from point of harvest through transit ensure freshness. At harvest, stems are treated in special solutions to hydrate, then cooled to reduce dehydration. Finally bunches are carefully packed to prevent mechanical damage. On US arrival, exacting temperature management minimizes rate of respiration to conserve energy for the vase stage.

3.  Every variety within a genus has its own genetically-coded vase life. Lilies and Carnations easily last 12–15 days. Roses last between 5-7 days.

4.  Mix entire 10g flower food packet with 1 quart of cold water. Fill a clean vase half full with food solution. Cut 1+ inch off each stem. Immediately place stems in vase. Keep foliage above water level. Use remaining flower food solution to top-up as blooms drink the solution. Do not add water or ice–it dilutes the formula, rendering it useless. Flower food flows into and nourishes stems for 5-7 days.

5.  Flower food gives 50% longer vase life vs. plain water.

6.  Commercially grown cut flower petals are not safe to eat or use as decorations on/in food

As a floral professional making that first impression count is key.  Chrysal wants to help your customers enjoy their flowers to the fullest.  Chrysal has all the solutions you need but following these tips can help as well.

The Invisible Enemy:

  • Bacteria thrive on the sugary sap that leaks from all stems.
  • They double every 20 mins and in 10 hrs. 100 bacteria cells can become more than 100 billion cells.
  • They live in dirty buckets, unclean flower preparation tables, unclean cutting tools and they invade the flower through the cut ends and quickly block the water conducting vessels to the flower head.  This causes flower wilting and a very short vase life.
  • Bacteria can be detected by rubbing your fingers around the inside of your bucket or vase- a slippery feel indicates a presence of bacteria.  Likewise if the vase or bucket water is smelly – then bacteria are actively growing.

How to manage this?

  • Clean buckets inside and out with floral cleaner like Chrysal Cleaner.  Soap and detergent will not kill bacteria.
  • Let floral buckets dry before they are stacked.
  • Clean your floral cutting tools and tables daily.

Flower foods are the key

  • Chrysal has designed flower foods that manage the water environment by keeping it clean and adjust the water pH for the best uptake of water.
  • Flower shops and Floral professionals who use Chrysal Professional 2 at the correct does will lower labor cost for cleaning vases and buckets.  They will have longer lasting flowers and will have greater customer satisfaction.  Importantly, if used correctly, profits will rise.
  • Flower shop customers who use the Chrysal flower food packets will have longer lasting flowers and are more likely to return to your flower shop more often because they are happy with their flowers.

Flower arrangement in plain water vs. flowers drinking Chrysal flower food. Day 7

We asked the talented Deborah De la Flor to teach us techniques on how to arrange spiral hand tied bouquets. Click on the images to view Deborah’s techniques on video.

Here are a few tips:

  • Always ask for the freshest flowers.
  • Keep twisting in your hands and move around to see all angels
  • Keep design CLEAN and focus on colors
  • Use zip ties to help keep flowers in place, careful to snap flowers or to make it too loose
  • DON’T forget to use FRESH FLOWER FOOD!
  • For transportation use Arrive Alive by Chrysal





Click HERE & see how to use ARRIVE ALIVE by CHRYSAL

Originating in one of the least hospitable environs on earth, the foothills where China and Tibet meet Russia and Afghanistan, early tulips were hardy and well-adapted to harsh winters and parched summers of central Asia. For nomads having survived another howling, freezing, Asian winter, tulips became a symbol of life and fertility; the heralds of spring. By the early 16th century, tulips had become one of the favorite motifs of artists in the Ottoman Empire.

In the autumn of 1562, tulips arrived to the Netherlands inside a Flemish merchant’s bale of fabrics shipped from Istanbul to Antwerp. History tells us that the merchant roasted, seasoned and ate most of the bulbs for dinner thinking they were some sort of Turkish onion. He tossed the remaining bulbs into his vegetable patch. The next spring, vibrant red and yellow flowers stood out among drab leaves of cabbages and kale. Much to the chagrin of the merchant, who was looking forward to another meal of Turkish onions, he realized there was something special about these brilliant flowers and contacted a friend with Horticultural savvy to come have a look. The spark of tulip interest was ignited in the Netherlands. Fortunes were made and lost as Tulipomania reached its peak less than 75 years later.

Information from Tulipomania by Mike Dash

Processing tulips…

Poking pins in stems or adding pennies in tulip buckets is so yesterday! To maximize vase life, experience vivid colors and vibrant green foliage to the end, process tulips in cold water and Chrysal Bulb T-Bags.


Isn’t plain water the best tulip treatment?

It’s true, bulb flowers need very little sugar to push open, but the formula is not about sugar. Bulb t-bags re-balance hormone levels disturbed at harvest, keep water pollution-free and drop the pH to dissolve air bubbles that block flow.


Chrysal Bulb T-bags are a balancing act

Bulb t-bags re-balance cell chemistry that gets out of whack when bulbous flowers are harvested, contain minimum amount of sugar to stabilize color, and are suitable for all flowers coming from bulbs, corms, rhizomes and tubers including iris, alstroe, anemones, alliums, freesia, nerines, ranuculas and lilies.

Off balance… results in symptoms of premature yellow foliage in lilies and alstroe. Iris petals curling in rather than unfurling; freesia flower combs with only one or two buds opening.

In tulips, the hormone imbalance causes foliage to rapidly loose color vibrancy — turning grey and yellowing. Super short vase life, and shriveling petals that soon appear transparent and look drab.


Easy to use: Fill tulip buckets with ½ gallon of cold water. Drop in Bulb T-bag and add tulips.

Solution will keep the water clean and flowing for 5-6 days on display.


Tulip Field Notes~

  • Unlike most flowers, tulips drink just fine through callous stem tissues as long as the flowers have not been held dry for longer than 3-4 days
  • Keep tulip sleeves in place until flowers have hardened up to insure upright stems
  • Never mix daffs with tulips. Daffodil sap kills tulips fast
  • Use Bulb T-bags and cold water to prep display buckets for all bulbous flowers