Leaves contaminate the vase water, just like stems do. The stem has to be in water; the leaf, however serves no purpose in the water, in fact, it has a negative impact. Therefore, it is recommended to remove the leaves right up to the water level. Leaves take much longer to become limp and there is less stress on the flower, which already has to put out enough effort to keep its equilibrium.

Flowers are grown, shipped and sold over the world. The flower stems as well as leaves carry micro-flora with them all the way to the customer’s vase. The conditions before harvest also influence the flower development in the vase.

Continue reading →


Here are some questions to test your general knowledge of bulb flower handling.

Q: Should I remove the anthers of lilies to eliminate the possibility of pollen stains and lengthen vase life?

A: Yes and no. Research shows no improvement in vase life when anthers are removed, but plucking anthers definitely helps avoid pollen stains. If pollen does not stain clothing or tablecloths, use tape (masking or scotch tape) to lift the pollen off material. It’s ok to blow it off, but avoid touching or brushing it with hands because oil in our skin sets the pollen into the texture of the material.

Q: How can I get Gladioli and Freesia to open all the way?

A: Process the stems in Chrysal Bulb T-Bag solution. For Glads, carefully snap off an inch off  the stem apex (growth point). This action forces the growth hormone to migrate from the tip of the flower spike down into the buds greatly improving floret opening. Only give Freesia a fresh cut if stems have been out of water more than 4-5 days. Cutting stems, triggers internal ethylene and causes florets to stagnate and blooms to die prematurely. Treat Freesia and glads in Bulb T-Bags. Remove the 1st spent blossom to encourage each floret on the comb to continue opening.

Q: If I pierce tulip stems and add pennies to the water, keep glads in the dark, add gin to the iris buckets, or strip lily foliage, this will maximize vase performance–right?!

A: The cell chemistry in bulbous flowers (including tulips) goes crazy when the flowers are cut from their bulb, corm, rhizome or tuber. Symptoms include: short vase life, florets that start to open, but stagnate instead (Iris, Freesia & Gladioli). Tulip foliage yellows, stems goose-neck and drop petals. Anemones, ranuculas and nerines lose color vibrancy fast. Alstroemeria and lillies suffer premature leaf yellowing. All are symptoms of the imbalance that occurs when bulbous flowers are harvested. These types of flowers don’t really need glucose (sugar) to open. Instead, bulb flowers need  hormone based, rather than sugar-based food. Rebalance the chemistry to avoid the negative symptoms.

Click on video to learn more…


Orchids are beautiful plants with intriguing blooms that are tougher than they look. Enhance longevity of pots and sprays by following a few basic steps…

Temperature and humidity are primary considerations:

Most orchids (cuts and potted) suffer chill damage when held colder than 50F, but that’s not to say they don’t require cooling as they move through the chain. Hold and transport orchids between 50F-60F with 90-95% humidity.

Traditional flower coolers are too COLD and DRY for storing orchid sprays corsages, arrangements and leis, so too are kitchen refrigerators: a critical point because chill damage occurs fast, 4-6 hours at temperatures colder than 50F.

Ethylene—fast track to bloom death:

Orchids are ethylene-sensitive. Exposure to even a minute amount for a short time causes florets to appear vein-y, buds shrivel, flop and/or drop off and damage is irreversible.

Avoid exposure and purchase pre-treated cut stems. Sprays should be treated with STS, the anti-ethylene solution is STS, the same solution used to protect carnations, wax and delphinium from this flower-deadly gas. Potted plants are (should be) treated during transit with 1-MCP gas (known commercially as Chrysal Ethylene Buster) to protect blooms from exposure to external ethylene sources like smoke (cigarettes, BBQs, fireplaces, incense), exhaust from autos, space heaters, fruits and veggies. No Joke! Expect more than two weeks vase life for treated cuts and 2-3 months for treated plants. Not treated? Bye-bye longevity–expect less than a week.

Processing cut Orchid sprays:

For all types remove cotton or water tubes on arrival and give stems a fresh cut. Place in Chrysal Professional 2, a low-sugar display flower food. The nutrients provide energy for bud opening, longevity and color stability. Solutions are active 5-6 days.

For more sensitive Vandas and ‘Tiger Tail’, use filtered water (not tap water) and nix the flower food. Change filtered water daily to ensure free flow in stems. Bacteria mucks-up flow fast.

Don’t love these plants to death!!

Phalenopsis plants like bright, indirect light. Look for leaves that are firm and medium green. Floppy long dark green leaves means plant is not getting enough light. Temperature needs are similar to human likes, 60-75F. Good air movement is important, but most important is to avoid overwatering. Check soil media—bark dries faster than peat. If unsure, wait 2-3 days. Never let plant sit in water because roots drown fast. Remove deco pots and place in warm (filtered) H20 for 10-20min. Flush surface with gentle stream to flush salts. Rule of thumb: water 1 x every 7-10 days.

How to stimulate re-blooming:

Cut faded flower stalk at 1 inch above soil surface. Allow plant to rest 4-6 weeks in cool, light area (+/-55F), but keep it watered. Finally place plant back in original position. The last detail on plant care?  Don’t touch those crazy roots. A unique aspect of this huge plant family is the roots don’t need soil and are able to draw nutrients and moisture from the air. Plants love crowded roots. Let those crazy roots wave in the wind and postpone repotting for at least 2 years after purchase. This huge exotic plant family captivates mortals with mysterious colors, shapes and (sometime) fragrant blooms. The spell of orchids captivates brides and grandmothers alike.

Weddings are an all around joyous occasion with many beautiful and memorable moments. One moment that always stands out is when the gorgeous bride takes her stride down the aisle. Last time we blogged about the current trending cascade bouquet. As beautiful as these oversized and long bouquets are, they are not for everyone. An option to consider is the glamelia or composite bouquet.

Glamelias or composite bouquets are made of many petals from different flowers to form one large one. The name itself originated from the 1940’s and 50’s. During the war, camelia blooms were too expensive.  So people took the petals of the less expensive gladiolas and made them into what looked like the more expensive flower (via First Come Flowers).

Whichever bridal bouquet you choose to go with, it’s important to keep them looking fresh. Especially with light colored bouquets where wilting is more noticeable, try Chrysal Professional Glory a unique holding spray that helps to retain essential moisture within the cut flower or foliage without the need for extra hydration. When used in place of traditional water, misting will retard deterioration and keep flowers and leaves firm.

Hawaiian Floral Mist is an easy to use floral food spray that penetrates, to nourish and rejuvenate cut flowers and greens for longer lasting freshness, without odor, spots or residue. It’s the first and only bio-reactive floral food spray of it’s kind. When Hawaiian Floral Mist mixes with the biology of the plant, it sustains life from the inside.

Using Hawaiian Floral Mist will give you less inventory loss, higher customer satisfaction, a longer selling life, and even allow you to “green-up” for weddings and special events. Corsages and displays that don’t have a direct water source benefit extremely well.


Purchase Hawaiian Floral Mist here.

When it comes to transporting bouquets, the most important part is to keep them hydrated. Arrive Alive® by Chrysal makes sure that the bouquets arrive beautiful and fresh after transport, whether in the back of the car or having been delivered via a courier or post. There is no need for a bucket or vase with water, Arrive Alive® allows flowers to be transported on their side without the risk of water spillage / leakage. In addition, Arrive Alive® gives florists and bouquet makers the cost advantages of shipping flowers horizontally while flowers remain hydrated thus making it ideal for postal flowers.


  • Arrive Alive® by Chrysal is a patented horticultural foam-wrap which creates a water reservoir for cut flowers, thus ensuring hydration during transport or at point of sale.
  • Absorbs and releases moisture easily (better than cotton or newspaper).
  • Will hydrate flowers for 3 days.
  • Available in 2 sizes: block ‘S’ and triangle design.
  • Arrive Alive® by Chrysal enhances performance and quality of the flowers at the point of arrival compared to dry transport.
  • Keeps flowers beautiful without the need for a bucket or vase with water.
  • Enables horizontal transport.
  • Easy to use. Even automatic application is possible.
  • Easier for customer to transport flowers home and ensures hydration during journey.
  • Perceived better flower care.
  • Does not leak.
  • Outer bag can be personalized by adding flower care tips and/or customer name.


  • Reduces flower wastage; even when flowers are not returned correctly into bucket or vase, they are always hydrated in store.
  • Reduces water consumption.
  • Lighter and therefore less expensive to transport than flowers on vase solution.
  • Cheaper than some alternative transport solutions.


In celebration of our new sleek look, we are giving away Flower Strippers to the first 500 individuals who Share The Shine. Just follow the steps below…















Giveaway Rules


1. Eligibility

Share The Shine Giveaway (the Giveaway) is open to legal residents of the fifty (50) United States and the District of Columbia who are at least eighteen (18) years old at the time of entry. Employees of Chrysal Americas and other companies associated with the promotion of the Giveaway, and their respective parents, subsidiaries, affiliates and advertising and promotion agencies as well as the immediate family (spouse, parents, siblings, and children) and household members of each such employee are not eligible. The Giveaway is subject to federal, state, and local laws and regulations.

2. Sponsor

The Giveaway is sponsored by Chrysal Americas, located at 3063 NW 107th Ave, Doral, Florida 33172.

3. Agreement to Official Rules

Participation in the Giveaway constitutes entrants full and unconditional agreement to and acceptance of these Official Rules and the decisions of the Sponsor, which are final and binding. Winning a prize is contingent upon being compliant with these Official Rules and fulfilling all other requirements set forth herein.

4. Giveaway Period

The Giveaway begins on June 01, 2015 at 12:00 AM EST and ends on August 31, 2015 at 11:59 PM EST (the Giveaway Period). Entries that are submitted before or after the Giveaway Period will be disqualified. Submissions will be accepted for the duration of the Giveaway using any of the following methods: 1) Post a picture of the new Chrysal Leafshine can on either Facebook or Instagram. 2) Hash-tag #chrysal and #leafshine by August 31, 2015.


5. How to Enter

Limit one (1) entry per person, per email address, and per household for the duration of the Giveaway Period, regardless of method of entry. Entries received from any person, e-mail address, or household in excess of the stated limitation will be void. All entries become the property of Sponsor and will not be acknowledged or returned.


6. Giveaway Distribution

On or about June 01, 2015 – August 31, 2015, the Sponsor will select 500 recipients from the first eligible entries received. The odds of being selected depend on the number of entries received. The Sponsor will attempt to notify the potential winner via telephone or email on or about June 01, 2015 – August 31, 2015. If the potential winner cannot be contacted within five (5) days after the date of the first attempt to contact him/her, the Sponsor may select an alternate potential winner in his/her place at random from the remaining non-winning, eligible entries.

7. Notification

The recipient will be notified by email, mail or phone.  Prizes will be fulfilled weekly and can take up to 3 weeks after the conclusion of the Giveaway.

8. Giveaways

First 500 entries will receive a FREE Flower Stripper(only one entry per person allowed).


One way we show appreciation and celebrate motherhood is by giving flowers. If you’re unfamiliar with the language of flowers it may be difficult to choose the right type considering the many varieties and colors that are out there. The following is a small list of popular Mother’s Day flowers and their meanings to help you narrow down your choices.


Symbolizes pride and beauty. A red carnation symbolizes love, pride and admiration; pink carnations symbolizes love of a mother.


Although white lilies are associated with funerals, there are many other types lilies to pick from. Calla lilies signify beauty and Day lilies are the Chinese symbol for motherhood.


Orchids are exotic plants the symbolize refinement, thoughtfulness and mature charm. They also symbolize proud and glorious femininity.


Roses of various colors convey a number of different meanings. A bouquet of mature rose blooms sends a message of gratitude; white roses signify virtue, purity, and reverence. A rose symbolizes grace in a medium pink hue, gratitude in a dark pink color, and youthful joy in light pink.


These bright and cheerful flowers send a message of adoration and respect. Similarly gerbera daisies have a joyful look in their myriad colors. Daisies are traditionally a symbol of beauty, and gerbera daisies also signify cheerfulness and playfulness.


The general message of tulips is love. More specifically, pink tulips signify caring and red tulips suggest true love. Yellow tulips, as might be guessed from their appearance, bring a message of cheerful thoughts.


Violets signify faithfulness and devotion. The gift of a violet plant can provide a lasting reminder of your appreciation for a mother’s devotion.

In all cases, it is recommended to remove a wilted flower, whether this wilting happens during the sale or at the home of the customer. Wilted flowers can infect other flowers in a bouquet, if, for example, the wilting is related to Botrytis. But early wilting because of a shorter lifespan of a flower in a mixed bouquet can also contaminate the vase water. Do not forget that cut flowers with a moderate natural lifespan often require extra post-harvest care.

During the sale, wilted flowers must certainly be removed from the container vase. The same applies to bouquets in buckets and also to bouquets in a sales display. Don’t forget that only a few bad bouquets in a display 95% full of beautiful flowers can bring the quality of the entire display down to a mediocre level.


  • Always provide post-harvest treatments that have been developed for the various flowers in all phases of the distribution
  • Excellent care provides the best guarantee for a natural course of the vase life and therefore for happy customers
  • Good care decreases the amount of waste, which leads to more profit


Botrytis cinerea also known as grey mold is a fungus that thrives on both living and dead plant materials. It starts off as a little white speck or “pock” on the flower petals and spreads right to the bottom of the flower. Gradually it changes its color to brown and finally all the petals fall off.

Infection and Spreading

The infection starts with miniscule mold spores spread through the air. In order to move, these spores need moisture. Condensation on the bud/flower and packaging, which appears because of temperature changes, is often enough for the Botrytis spores to quickly develop from little white “pocks” to brown spots. Once shifted from the “pock stage” into brown spots, the process is irreversable. The infected flower petals are often removed by hand. This, however does not guarantee that the fungal infection has not already damaged the rest of the petals. Throwing the flower away then becomes the only remedy to prevent further infection.

Hygiene and Tips

  • Remove dead plant material from greenhouses, sorting areas, floral arranging areas and cold stores as much as possible
  • Clean and disinfect tables, shears and knives on a daily basis
  • Remove infected plant material immediately from batches
  • Remember that hygiene plays an important role in preventing Botrytis
  • Infection often appears early on in the chain; when purchasing, pay special attention to “pocks”
  • Keep door of cold stores closed as much as possible because of temperature changes which can cause long-term condensation on the flowers/packaging materials.
  • Pull down the packaging materials or completely remove them so uncovered buds and flowers will stay dry