It’s never too early to plan especially when it comes to the holidays. Here are some care and handling tips to consider for your holiday foliage and berries.

  • Store in cooler temperatures between 33-35F
  • Good air flow is important, store bundles on pallets, not directly on floors
  • Any foliage will produce high amounts of ethylene if there is Botrytis inside
  • Cool bundles 24 hours before covering with plastic to avoid condensation (Botrytis)
  • Know which greens are high, moderate, and low ethylene producers to provide the proper care
High Ethylene Producers – store the following greens away from flowers
  • Douglas Fir
  • Redwood
  • Juniper
  • Holly & Mistletoe
Moderate Ethylene Producers – okay to store dry with flowers as long as temperature is between 33-35F
  • Balsam Fir
  • Pines (Red, Scotch & White)

Low Ethylene Producers – okay to store with flowers at cold temperatures between 33-35

  • Noble Fir
  • Incense Cedar
  • Port Orford Cedar
  • Norway Spruce
  • Hemlock
  • Huckleberry
  • Boxwood


The holiday season is upon us… Do you know all there is to know about Poinsettias? Here is some general information, store handling, and care tips for consumers.

Are they poisonous? Poinsettias are NOT poisonous and there is plenty of research to prove it. Of course, the plant is NOT for consumption.

What are their light needs?  Get plants out of boxes ASAP. Plants suffer if held too long in boxes. Leaves will yellow. It is best to display poinsettias in bright, indirect light (not direct sunlight) and away from heater drafts.

Are they cold sensitive?  YES, wrap the plants well and remind customers that chill damage happens at temps colder than 38F for more than 30 minutes. Poinsettias are happiest between 60F—75F.

Cold Sensitivity










Are they ethylene sensitive? Plants are moderately sensitive. Internal ethylene production is triggered when bracts are bent upward as when plants are lifted up and out of sleeves. The upward motion of bracts triggers an ethylene response.

Prevention: Ask growers to ship with Chrysal Ethylene Buster sachets in boxes.

Avoid ethylene exposure from:

-exhaust from combustion engines, space heaters

smoke from cigarettes, BBQs, fireplaces, air pollution

Douglas Fir and Redwood cut foliage

storing in closed area with boxes of deco moss

What is epinasty? A horticultural term describing plants that appear wilted, but are not revived when watered. To prevent epinasty, un-sleeve plants by tearing open the sleeve from the bottom rather than pushing the pot up from the bottom.










What is leaf drop?  Irregular irrigation, low-light intensity, warm temperature, and low relative humidity make leaf drop a common disorder.

How do I water? Never let the plant sit in water—roots drown. Water every 7-8 days depending on temperature of the house. Allow water flow through soil to flush salts completely out of soil profile and ample time for pot to drip dry (2-3 hours) before placing in display location.

Broken bracts as cut flowers? Yes as long as stems are fully hydrated. Hydrate broken bracts in Chrysal Professional #1 for 2-4 hours at ambient. Make sure solution level is deep enough to act as a liquid band-aide to seal and clean latex flow from wounded areas on stems. When bracts are hydrated, design w/o giving a fresh cut. Display designs outside of cooler.











Why and when to clean flower vases?

Decomposing pieces of leaves and thorns, dust and other pollutants from the air, contaminate the vase water. All these decomposition products, organic matter, moulds and dead bacteria can be a food source for micro-organisms. The vascular bundles in the stem, required for absorbing water, can become plugged by this contamination. That is why it is a good habit to clean the containers and vases immediately after use. Chlorine-based or ‘softer’ products can be used for this, such as washing-up liquid or Chrysal Cleaner. Let it soak for a while before scrubbing and rinsing.