Poinsettias are the traditional Christmas flower in the United States and in most of the world.  Red Poinsettias naturally share the colors of Christmas and are extremely inviting, allowing them to share the holiday spirit.  Red Poinsettias go well with all holiday decorations in your home or office making it the go-to flower for the holidays.  White and pink are some of the other common Poinsettia colors, but not as popular as the red.  Here are some general Poinsettia care and handling tips you should know.

Important hydration tips you need to know

  • Poinsettias are tricky when it comes to watering and staying hydrated.
  • It is important to water them constantly if the surface soil is dry.  Test the soil hydration daily by sticking your finger into the potted soil, about one inch deep.
  • Be sure to punch holes in foil so water can drain into a saucer. AVOID plants sitting in water (roots will die).
  • Make sure to frequently discard excess water in the saucer.
  • Water from the bottom to avoid getting leaves wet. Wilted plants will tend to drop bracts sooner.
  • Chrysal Aqua Pad is an innovative product made for potted plants to help keep them hydrated and to reduce waste.  Will work great with Poinsettias and their finicky hydration needs.

Keep your temperatures just right!

  • To prolong color, keep in temperatures 60-70F during the day and around 55F at night.
  • Temperatures above or below this might result in shortened bloom life or rotting roots.
  • Place plant away from hot or cold drafts.  If you live in a cold weather location, move Poinsettias away from the windows and doors at night.
  • Display away from windy front door areas.
  • Display in bright, indirect light.

If a Bract breaks

  • Give a fresh cut.  Hydrate in Chrysal Gerb Pill solutions.  Use in arrangements outside of cooler.

Fun Fact

  • National Poinsettia Day is December 12th.  This is because it marks the death of the man the plant is named after.  Poinsettia was given its name after Joel Roberts Poinsett, the first US Ambassador to Mexico appointed by President John Quincy Adams in the 1820’s. He was also an amateur botanist and enjoyed traveling the country in search o interesting plants.  In 1828 he found a beautiful shrub with large red flowers and took cuttings back to his greenhouse in South Carolina.

Christmas foliage and berries need special care and handling.  It is important to understand some temperature and ethylene information for storing your Christmas greens so they will keep fresh and healthy throughout the entire winter season.  Here are a few things to consider for your sensitive Christmas greens.


  • Cooler Temperatures:  should be between 33-35 F
  • Good air flow is important, store bundles on pallets, not directly on floors
  • Any foliage will produce high amounts of ethylene if there is Botrytis inside
  • Cool bundles 24 hours before covering with plastic to avoid condensation (Botrytis)
  • Know which greens are high, moderate, and low ethylene producers to provide the proper care
  • For more tips and suggestions, click here

High Ethylene Producers/ Ethylene Sensitive

Store these greens apart from flowers

  1. Douglas Fir
  2. Redwood
  3. Juniper
  4. Holly and Mistletoe

Handle Holly like a fresh cut

  • Vase life is greatly improved if you store Holly very cold (33-34F)
  • Avoid all ethylene sources (cigarette smoke, exhaust, space heaters, botrytis, fruits, dirty water, rotting greens and flowers)
  • Berries turn black when exposed to ethylene and/or freezing temperatures
  • If Holly begins to turn black, it may be infected with the disease phytophthera ilicis.  Throw out infected stems to avoid spreading the contamination.
  • Use Chrysal Glory (anti-transpirant) on Holly on arrival
  • Never spray any berried foliage with oil-based leaf shines.  Chrysal Leaf Shine is okay to use because of its silicon base.

Moderate Ethylene Producers

Okay to store dry with flowers as long as temperature is 33-35F

  1. Balsam Fir
  2. Pines: Red, Scotch and White

Low Ethylene Producers

Store bunches at 32-35F

  1. Noble Fir
  2. Incense Cedar, Port Orford Cedar, Red Cedar
  3. Huckleberry
  4. Norway Spruce and Hemlock
  5. Boxwood
  6. Eucalyptus
For more information, click here.
Make sure to keep checking the Chrysal Blog and Chrysal Facebook page for seasonal information and tips!

Having trouble finding floral pairs that work best for your bouquet mix?  Before you begin creating your bouquets, it’s important to understand what flower pairings work well together.  Most bouquets will usually contain a focal flower accompanied by fillers, mass flowers, and foliage.  The focal flower is usually one bloom per stem type flowers– Roses, Sunflowers, Lilies, Gerberas, Snaps, Zinnias, Peonies, Callas.  A filler can be anything that gives airiness to an arrangement– small flowers, berries, and small leaves.  Mass flowers would be blooms that are larger than filler florets, but not too dense– Spray Chrysanthemums, Spray Carnations, Lisianthus.  These flowers are used to bulk-up the arrangement around your focal flower.  It’s important to include some of these elements when arranging your bouquets.  Below is a general guide to some beautiful floral matches that work well with the most popular flower types.  It’s time to play Floral Match Game!


The Rose is one of the most famous and recognizable flower there is.  It is important to get the proper matches for this elegant flower so it maintains its true beauty.  With a rose, sometimes simplicity is best.

  • Fillers-  Baby’s Breath (Gypsophila) OR Filler Asters
  • Mass Flowers-  Alstroemeria
  • Foliage-  Eucalyptus


Tulips look great when you use 15-20 stems alone, providing a big impact.  If you buy 10 stems or less, you need  something to set them off and the best choice is some kind of foliage so the beauty of the blooms stand out.

  • Fillers-  Wax Flower
  • Mass Flowers-  Iris, Freesia, Asiatic Lillies
  • Foliage- Blooming branches OR Loops of Bear Grass


Carnations are extremely versatile and pair well with almost anything.  They offer a large color palette and great vase life!

  • Fillers-  Any type of filler will do.  Try Limonium.
  • Mass Flowers-  Daisy Pom Poms OR Marguerite Daisies
  • Foliage-  Sprengeril Fern


Gerbera Daisies are beautiful enough to stand on their own, but they do pair well with almost everything!  Poms, Lilies, Roses–Gerberas are very easy to pair up.  They are the classic focal flower because of their shape and vast color selection.

  • Fillers-  Solidago OR White Filler Asters (depending on the color of the Gerbera)
  • Mass Flowers-  Hypericum Berries
  • Foliage-  Bear Grass OR Eucalyptus


Alstroemeria is the classic mass flower and the wide color assortment makes it versatile. Because the umbel of blooms is pretty dense, it pairs best with striking focal flowers like Roses or Lilies.

  • Fillers-  Any white filler nicely sets off the cool colors of Alstroemeria.  Also try Sinuata Statice.
  • Mass Flowers-  Colored Callas (not the large white)
  • Foliage-  Usually Alstroemeria can stand without the complement of foliage, but if you are looking for something try Salal.


Chrysal offers various treatment options for the flowers listed above.

For more inspirations and ideas on flower pairings, visit http://www.inspirationby.nl/


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