If a college admissions officer had to choose which flower to grant admissions to, it would most definitely be a Chrysanthemum. These “well-rounded” flowers were first cultivated in China as early as the 15th century BC. The Chrysanthemum can be found in a wide range of colors, from purple, white, and yellow, to pink and orange.  The mums name comes from the Greek meaning “golden flower” historically chrysanthemums were primarily yellow flowered.

There is such a variety of “Mums” in the United States, that a system of classification was created to categorize and identify them.  Japan even has a national Chrysanthemum Day, which represents a day of happiness. In Australia the Chrysanthemum is the traditional flower given to mothers every May to celebrate their special day.

The Chrysanthemum has even been proven by NASA’s clean air study, to reduce the emissions of indoor air pollution. Extracts of this unique, but common flower can be used as a medicine, including treatment for HIV. Even John Steinbeck, one of the most prolific authors in United States history wrote a short story entitled “The Chrysanthemums.”

There are many reasons to enjoy these beautiful flowers, and it all starts with handling them right!

Vase Life: 8-10 days, often even longer.

Care and Handling Tips:

  • Respect temperature parameters. Store flowers at 34-38F.
  • Avoid high temperatures because overheating causes foliage to yellow
  • Avoid dripping on flower heads to reduce Botrytis potential
  • Give breathing room when filling buckets.

Wholesale/Retail level:

  • Chrysanths need clean solutions (Chrysal Professional #1 hydration) to insure good flow, but are not particularly sugar-needy (flower food).
  • Recommend to give a clean cut, no ABSOLUTELY do not pound stems!

RETAIL Handling

  • Give stems a fresh cut. Place in Chrysal Professional #2 processing solution (low sugar)
  • Allow bunches to drink for 2-4 hours before using in design or placing on sales floor


  • Start clean. Gives stems a fresh cut
  • Fill vases with Chrysal flower food according to direction
  • Top-up with fresh food, not tap water

For more information on Chrysal products visit: www.chrysalusa.com

Leaves contaminate the vase water, just like stems do.  The stems have to be in the water, the leaf, however serves no purpose in the water.  Chrysal recommends to remove leaves right up to the water level.  The additional positive effect of this is that it decreases the amount of evaporation because the total leaf surface is decreased.

All of the contamination, plant protection products and remnants of  fertilizers contaminate the vase water.  Hygiene and prevention of infection of the vase water provide the best contribution to a long vase life and vase water that has no foul odor.


  • Always clean your vases & cutting tools.
  • Remove thorns carefully, if you have to do it at all.
  • Make sure to use cut flower food.
  • If your design has a leaf at the bottom of the vase, use faux foliage ribbon available at your local Floral wholesaler

It’s summer and to many that means long hot days and for others it means Wedding time.  Chrysal fan and Forever Blossoms designer Brett Usina worked his magic recently for a stupendous wedding in Groove Isle, FL.  His arrangements included Sarah Bernhardt Peonies, Polar Star Roses, Esperance Roses, White Hypericum, White Hydrangea, Pink Lisianthus, Hanging Green Amaranthus, Green Dendrobium Orchids, White Phaleonopsis Orchids, and Wax Flower.  Brett made sure to  hydrated his flowers with Chrysal Professional 2 T-Bags and Chrysal RosePro Solutions for his perfectly Pink Peonies.  In order to guarantee the fresh look to the bride in groom he used Chrysal Professional Glory which prevented the petals from wilting and provided a shield to protect against evaporation.

We love the color combination and the use of the Peonies in the aisle & marvelous chuppah!  Great job Brett!!! Check out the gorgeous pictures below.

Here are some tips for Peonies:


  • Prepare clean buckets (or vases) with Chrysal RosePro Vase food
  • Follow mixing instructions on label. Use cold water
  • Cut 1-2 inches from stems. Immediately place flowers in prepared cold solution
  • Allow flowers to drink 2-4hrs min. before designing. (Overnight in cooler even better!)
  • Flowers can stay in same solution up to 5-6 days
  • Watch solution level—peonies are BIG drinkers!
  • Top up containers with fresh solution (not tap water)
  • Vase life potential ranges 4-7days depending on variety, cut stage, age & treatments

Cut flower food prolongs the vase life more than 60% over water treatment


For wet-pack s hipping and sales display ~

  • Store boxes cold (34-36F)
  • Prepare clean buckets with cold water and correct amount of Professional #2 (liquid or Tbags)
  • Cut 1-2 inches and place immediately into Professional #2 solution
  • Store buckets in cooler (34-36F) 
  • Advantages of Professional #2 treatment
    • Low-sugar flower food boost flow in stems
    • Lowers pH to 3.5—5.0 range to dissolve air blockages in stems—boosting flow!
    • Controls pollution up to 5 days
    • Provides energy to keep foliage and flowers turgid

Any vase can be used f0r flower arrangements. But not all vases are equally good for guaranteeing a normal vase life.

Choice of vases

Let’s discuss a few vase materials, ranking them from the best to the worst:

Glass: An inert material, no reaction between the vase solution and the vase, easy to clean.

Crystal: older vases might have pores where micro-organisms can settle, more difficult to clean, risk of dull vases  due to pollution.

Plastics: Relatively neutral but polluting in the long run due to small scratches if used intensively, then becoming more difficult to clean properly.

Ceramics: If glazed: relatively neutral, when this protection is absent or damaged: micro-organisms might settle and this type of container becomes more difficult to clean.

Metals: Cut flower foods are generally acidic solutions and i not, the flower turns the vase solution into an acid environment. This increases the risk of exchange of ions from the metal vases into the solution. Most of these metals are toxic to the flower. It is therefore important to always use an inner vase i.e. plastic.

Where do dull lines in crystal vases come from?

During vase life micro-organisms develop in the vase solution. These are not only harmful to flowers but they also attack the flower stems. The organic material decomposed from the stem and micro-organisms themselves settle inside the vase. This becomes visible when the water level drops and the settled scum dries out. In antique crystal vases this scum settles in the pores of the vase.

With time, crystal vases might get pores due to the exchange of particles out of the glass into the vase water. The crystal vase simply gets worse as it gets older.

How to prevent dull spots in crystal vases?

First of all, keeping the vase water clean and clear prevents dull spots to develop. In plain vase water there is no control over the growth and attacks of micro-organisms. Using cut flower food will reduce in most cases the scum lines. However, correct dosage is essential to attain the ‘right’ effect.

Secondly, tests using new and antique crystal vases with different vase solutions, showed that only antique crystal vases were sensitive to vase solutions. Tap water vase solutions were even worse than water with cut flower food.

How to remove dull spots in crystal vases?

Cleaning proves to be very difficult with the household cleaning products. Specialists advise to sand-blast vases to remove the spots – an expensive operation. We therefore advise you to use only new crystal vases and to keep the antique once for decorative purposes only.


This past weekend a Chrysal friend and flower designer got hitched.  Leti, owner and head designer for FuNKy bUds, married her sweetheart ShawnPaul in an intimate ceremony by the bay in Coral Gables, Fl.  The night was filled with natural beauty from the radiant bride, to the spectacular scenery and gorgeous white flowers EVERYWHERE.   The bride opted for simple yet elegant Calla Lily bouquet and adorned it with a pictured of her grandfather.  The night was perfect with a live band playing irresistible danceable hits, an array of sinfully good seafood appetizers and lots and lots of champagne (I still have that champagne headache) As the end of the party approached they brought out a bunch of balloons, glasses and hats…not a single person looked “dull” and the excitement was quickly documented and posted on facebook.  Those colorful and fun pictures made the “like” buttons go crazy!

Must say outdoor weddings are the best, so long the weather is working for you and  Leti & SP had all the luck that night, must have been all those well wishes & love the couple surrounded themselves with.

Congrats to the bride and groom and cheers to a new chapter & new adventures!!!

The couple will be honeymooning next April in Thailand!!

Here is a link to FuNKy bUds fb page:


Once flowers are cut/harvested they are deprived of water, food and growth regulators naturally supplied by the mother plant.  In order for the flowers to develop in a natural way, we have to continue to supply the flowers these ingredients dissolved in water every time the flowers are hydrated at the grower, wholesaler, retailer or in the vase of the consumer.  Cut flower foods contain all the necessary ingredients for the natural development of stems, leaves and flower petals, as well as for size, color and scent.

In Chrysal’s product development we aim to mimic the natural flower development.